CUSTOMS, ETC. (cont.)
Spanish phratry, Ishpani. Its
1. shawi, raccoon;
2. Ishpani, Spanish;
3. Mingo, Royal;
5. tunni, squirrel
6. hotchon tchapa, alligator;
7. nashoba, wolf;
8. tcu 'hla, ‘hia, blackbird.”
In his Migration, Legend of the Creeks,
from which the foregoing is taken, Dr. Gatschet says that further investigations
would show whether the gentes, Ishpani and mingo, were not one and the
same, as they appeared on Gibbs’ list; that this list was taken from a
manuscript note to his Chickasa vocabulary and contained nine clans
or iksa, (yeksa).
Dr. Gatschet says further:
“Spane or Spanish gens; mingoes or chiefs
could be chosen from this gens only, and were hereditary in the female
line; sha-e or raccoon gens; second chie!s or headmen were selected
from it it kuishto or tiger gens; kointchush or catamount
gens; nani or fish gens; issi or deer gens: haloba or ?
gens; foshi or bird gens; hunshokone or skunk gens; the least
respected of them all. 20
According to Bernard Romans, who visited
the Chickasaws and Choctaws in the latter half of the 18th century, the
Chicka-. saws lived “in the centre of an uneven and large nitrous savannah,
have in it one town, long one mile and a half, very narrow and irregular."
This they divided into several others: Melataw, hat and feather,
Chatetaw, Coppertown, Chuckafalaya, long town, Hickaha, stands
still, Tuckahaw, a certain weed, Ashuckhooma, red grass,
and Chuccalessa, great town. Romans states that all of them were
enclosed “in palisadoes." 21 Ashuckhooma was
where D’ Artaguette was defeated.22
The Chickasaws were noble, brave, cheerful,
and constant, while their brothers, the Choctaws, according to Adair, were
libidinous, crafty, fickle, and dishonest. But the old historian may have
been biased, for the writer thinks, from study of Adair’s history, that
the old chronicler had a wife in the Chickasaw
Legend of the Creeks.
Romans’ East and West Florida.
Claiborne’s Miss., and Pickett’s Ala. It seems well nigh
impossible to harmonize Romans’ Chickasaw towns with Adair’s list of Chickasaw
towns, though there is some resemblance in some of the names.