Had to get up last night at 12 oclock and cook preparatory to our move. Got but little sleep. All bustle and confusion this morning preparatory to marching. It was 12 oclock before we left camp. Very muddy marching into Orange. Snowed and hailed on us. Did not get aboard of the cars until nearly dark. Got my company in Genl Wilcox’s car - Papers report the arrival of Wm Yancey in New Orleans. He made a speech there. Hear that we are going to North Carolina - But would rather go to Corinth Miss. Turned very cold. Recd a letter from Miss Lucie M Watt.
Tuesday - March 25/62
A beautiful morning did not sleep but little on last night. Arrived in Richmond at about 9 oclock. I met with Lt. Walker - Pickensville Blues - Marched throughout to the Winter Quarters near the Keseroom. Saw a Company from Fayette County Ala. Met with Bil Nash who has come on to join Capt Macon's Company. Looks as not well?? as ever. Gregory went down in town. - Felt very unwell. Severe Headache. Had comfortable quarters to stay in.
Wednesday - March 26th/62
Called out early. Marched down through Richmond and took a boat down the James River to City Point where we are to take the cars en route for Welden N Carolina. A large crowd out to see us pass. Saw some of the Yankee prisoners in Richmond impertinent looking rascals. I should like to cut their throats - Lt Col Lamar with us. The 9th Ala Regt on board with us - Very common scenery on the James River - Low banks and but little enticing to the eye - A clever Captain about 1000 men aboard. Arrived at City Point about 4 oclock. Left on the cars about 6 oclock very much crowded - Arrived in Petersburg at 9 oclock PM. Appearance of a large and flourishing City. Marched through the town passing one Depot to the other. Took the cars on the Petersburg & Welden road. Company crowded up in a very small car. Today's papers report Genl Stonewall Jackson as being whipped in 4 miles of Winchester. Completed fall back in Strasburg. Heavy loss in officers - Jackson’s force 5000 men. Yankees reported to be 78,000 strong. Jackson saved his baggage & artillery.
Thursday - March 27th 1862
Spent the most disagreeable night that I ever have experienced in the war. Did not sleep any. Arrived at Garysburg early this morning. Found several trains at that point containing Genl Howell Cobb’s Brigade and our artillery. Went out with Barry to get breakfast. Had to go to several houses before we succeeded. Got breakfast at Genl Person’s residence. Expect to stay here until this evening. Am poorly impressed with North Carolina soil. See nothing but pine trees. Co “B” detailed as guard to keep the 19th out of Garysburg. Camped in a pine grove near the town about 2 oclock. Awaiting orders to proceed to Welden and thence to Goldsborough NC. A very large number of troops here. Heard that the 19th & 2nd Miss - 1st Tenn - 4th Ala - 6th NC Regiments passed here this morning en route to Goldsborough NC. A most beautiful day. Pine top whiskey in abundance. Several drunken rows in the company. The most outrageous set on God’s green earth for fusses and contentions. A most beautiful and lovely day. Our camp in a pine orchard technically called. This is the state so says the sage for pitch, tar, turpentine and raisin headed girls.
Friday - March 28th 1862
Very cold on last night. A most beautiful day. Office of the General - very strict orders -10th & 19th Ala Regts come up. Capt Malone joined us. Got dinner at a private house. Heard that the fight was progressing at Yorktown. Newport News attacked by the Virginia in front and Genl Magruder in the rear. Our Brigade ordered to his assistance. Recd orders at 1 oclock to pack up ready to move. Papers report Genl Buell advancing in Decatur Ala. Put on open cars for cold ride. Got to Petersburg at 12 oclock.
Saturday - March 30th 1862
Had to march from one depot to another. Could not obtain transportation. Marched back and quartered in an empty house at 4 oclock. Slept about an hour. Every place crowded with hucksters and the most infamous set that I have seen in the war. Petersburg a very pretty place. Ordered a uniform. Took the cars at 9 oclock. Arrived at City Point at 11 oclock. Raining and very cold sea breeze. Papers report another fight near Winchester. Old Stonewall has driven the Yankees out of Winchester. The Yankee General Shields had his arm shot off. Slept in an old house.
Sunday - March 31st 1862
Slept very well on last night. Left this on the Eagle for Yorktown. Boat very much crowded. A rainy misty day. Very cold sea breeze. Passed by Jamestown. Saw the remains of the first church built on the continent. All in ruins. River strongly fortified. Jamestown strongly fortified. A great many guns mounted. Arrived at Kings Landing about 12 oclock. River appeared to be about 10 miles wide. Landed in the wharf ½ mile from the bank. Marched 6 miles to Lebanon church which is 6 miles from Yorktown. Heard that the Yankees had retreated. A dark and gloomy day. No chance of a fight.
Monday - March 31st 1862
Rained a little on last night. Charley quite sick - mumps - Had company inspection. Visited by Dr. Wilburn. Visited Lieut Thomas. Went up to the store with Capt Malone. Went to 2 houses. Saw a pretty woman. Had Battalion drill orders read announcing that the enemy were again advancing in large force. Ordered to keep in readiness. A most beautiful day - pleasant and fine. Ordered to have Company drill every morning. Battalion drill every evening.
Tuesday - April 1st 1862
Cooked up rations last night. A most glorious morning. Had Company Drill. Charley better. Heard heavy firing on yesterday evening and this morning. Heard that the Virginia shelled Newport News on yesterday. Heard that the enemy were not advancing. Visited by Lieut Harris - Co C. Had Battalion drill and dress parade. Went over to Genl Wilcox’s headquarters after watch. Heavy cannonading heard in the direction of Newport News. Enemy not advancing as reported. Adjt Govan returned. No recruits for Co. “B”.
Wednesday - April 2nd 1862
A dark & gloomy morning. Had Company drill. Harris from Co “K” decd on last night Pneumonia. Capt Malone - Lt Gregory & Barry went down to the York River - Brought back a gallon of Oysters. Had an oyster supper fro Battalion drill. Dress parade. Detail as Officer of the Guard for tomorrow. Saw Adjt Govan. No recruits for Co “B”. Visited by Dr. Wilburn. Col Mott determined not to move our camp. Raining a little. Read Richmond Dispatch of Mar 31st. No news of special interest. Jackson’s loss at Kernstown 3,180 men.
Thursday - April 3rd 1862
Rained last night. A most beautiful morning. Present at Guard mounting. Lieut Barksdale officer of the day. Heard that we were to leave here today or tomorrow for another portion of the country. Hope it is so. Company and Battalion Lt Col Lamar out in full costume. Capts Martin, Harden & Mullins returned from home & Richmond. Report great enthusiasm in Miss. Visited by Capt Martin & Adjt Govan. A most beautiful day. Ordered to be in readiness to leave at any moment. Rumored that we will go to Suffolk Va or Goldsborough NC. Nothing of special importance in today’s papers.
Friday - April 4th 1862
Set up the greater portion of last night. Guard round made at 12 oclock. Field Officer of the day came around at 1 oclock AM. Capt Malone taken sick - pneumonia. Recd orders at 2 oclock to form with all of our fighting accouterments on to meet the enemy who were advancing. Marched about 4 miles found Dam No.2 occupied by a La Regt. Halted & bivouacked for the night in a thick pine grove about 500 yards from the Warwick river. Comp E sent out on picket about 9 oclock. Capt Martin in command of the Company. Sergt Jenkins appointed Orderly Sergeant of the Company.
Saturday - April 5th 1862
Slept finely on last night despite the heavy guns. Rained this morning. Called into line about 4 oclock. Vedettes report fighting at Yorktown. Ordered to dam No. 1 on the Warwick River. The sun out beautifully. Continuous roll of musketry. Expect some warm work. Had to double quick for 5 miles to the fortifications near Yorktown. Yankees shelled us going there “Nobody hurt”. Saw a large body of them. Skirmishes keeping up a brisk fire on the men behind the works. Came near being hit - without having a chance to return the compliment. Met with Capt Randle Blewitt of Columbus Miss. Saw the remains of the Columbiads - Rube Littleton 3rd Lieutenant. Met with Lt John A. Whitfield of same company. Sent out to relieve a line of cavalry pickets. Companies C F & E sent to defend Dam No. 2 where they were shelled. One man in Co. “I” wounded in the head at the fort. Heavy cannonading and volleys of muskets heard in the night. Firing all ceases before sundown. Expect to be on duty all night. A heavy fight expected tomorrow. One of our artillerists killed. The seven remaining companies of our Regt deployed along an almost impassable morass.
Sunday - April 6th 1862
Volunteered last night to take command of the Volunteer Scouts from our Regt. Reported to Col Ward. The object of the expedition to destroy the fence about 500 yards from the fort where the Federal Sharpshooters were stationed. The expedition was not started out owing to a failure of sufficient volunteers from others Corps. I had 4 more than called for from our Regt including our chaplain. Considerable firing on last night - between the pickets. Up and all at our posts at dawn. Heard that there was a sharp engagement at Lee’s Mill. 11 Federal vessels in York River. Expect a naval attack on Yorktown this morning. Some little firing but the ball is late. Recd some reinforcements last night opening. Expect to be shelter as soon as the fleet opens on Yorktown. Heard of a battle in or near Corinth Miss. No fight today. Capt Coffey’s men shot a Yankee out of a tree. Capt Malone came out from Comp bringing provisions for us. Continuous firing between our pickets and the Yankees. Slept a good deal in today as I had nothing to do. A little skirmish on this evening between the Yankees and our 3 Companies detached. One man may died. Several heavy volleys of musketry heard during the engagement. Whitesides very sick with pneumonia. Sent him to the hospital.
Monday - April 7th 1862
A false alarm at 2 oclock this morning. Our pickets fired at each other. All out on post. Set up until daylight. Capt Vaughan & Lt Walls returned with their recruits. Vaughan brought 37. Walls 37. No excitement today. Our battery shelled the Yankees in the peach orchard beyond us. Confirmation of the battle at “Shiloah” near Hamburg. Official notification. Our forces attacked the Yankees. Battle lasted 10 hours. Heavy loss on both sides. Captured 6,000 six thousand prisoners & 100 one hundred cannon captured. Genl A S Johnson killed leading his army. Leading them in the charge. Glorious news.
Tuesday - April 8th 1862
Rained considerably on last night. Got thoroughly wet. Very little firing between pickets. Went up to Yorktown with Barry through the rain and mud. Saw the fortifications of Lord Cornwallis and the scene of the surrender. Yorktown strongly fortified. A very old looking, shabby place. Saw the Yankee fleet. Eight vessels in sight. Saw a great many Yankees. Have received strong reinforcements. Saw a Yankee - Seller’s stock of goods confiscated. Soldiers told to help themselves. A free fight. Things went in a hurry. Took some few things. Exchanged our rifle muskets for Enfield Rifles & Sabre bayonets. A fine gun - General opinion that we will have no fight here. Raining again.
Wednesday - April 9th 1862
Rained again last night. Turned very cold. Capt Malone returned to Comp. Col Mott had to leave us on yesterday for the hospital. Sick with our common camp complaint. A gloomy morning. Our Regt drew some whiskey. Visited by Capt Bibb 12th Ala Regt. A relation of Capt Malone’s who took dinner with us. Col Mott visited the camp. Lt Col Lamarr says that our Regt has been transferred to Brig Genl Rhodes’ Brigade consisting of 5th 6th 12th Ala & 12 Miss Regts. Rained again this evening. Got wet thoroughly. Private Graham returned. Whitesides reported very low. Yankees reported in line of battle. No fight as yet. I expect none.
Thursday - April 10th 1862
Rained again on last night. Turned very cold. Had inspection. Recd orders from Brig Genl Rhodes to move our encampment and bivouac across the road out of reach of the rifle balls which are falling around us occasionally. 2 of our men killed and a Lieut wounded at the Redoubt by the Yankee sharpshooters. Capt Martin & Andrew Martin camped with us - cleared off this evening. An officer of the day & guard to each wing of our Regiment. Think a fight very doubtful at this point. I heard Genl Beauregard had been in another battle. Charley came out from camp bringing us provisions. Considerable fighting today between the Sharpshooters.
Friday - April 11th 1862
Very cold on last night. Come near freezing. Considerable firing between our respective pickets. A heavy frost this morning. A most beautiful day - Sunshine & pleasant. 26 picked men from the Regt under Lieut Lindsay Co “A” armed with Enfield Rifles and sent to the Redoubt. Visited by Capt Bibb 12th Ala - Regt. Heard that the 6th Ala Regt had 1 man killed & 5 wounded at Redoubt on yesterday. I heard that Genl Beauregard had fallen back to Corinth Miss. Having fought Genls Buell & Grant from early morning until 1 oclock when he retired losing as we hear the 100 pieces of artillery captured from the Yankees and all of his prisoners - so the Richmond papers state as he had only whipped the Yankee General Grant instead of Buell & Grant - Report of the loss of Beauregard of cannon not true as removed. Genl Beauregard followed Genl Grant as far as the Tenn river where he met Buell fought him 6 hours and drew off in fine style - having accomplished what he had undertaken. Heavy firing heard on the left. Heard shelling this evening. Saw two companies of skirmishers sent out who drove the Yankees headlong from the pines burning it and the house. 4 men wounded in the melee. Read a letter from Miss Lucie M. Watt of Columbus Ga.
Saturday - April 12th 1862
A glorious morning. Lt Lester & Sergt Hawkins and 31 recruits returned to Co. “G”. 5 men wounded in the skirmish of yesterday. One died this morning - Heard of a wonderful dream - A soldier dreamed he would die on a certain day at a certain hour and that the greatest battle ever fought on this continent would be fought in the vicinity of Corinth Miss between the 1st and 15th of April and that peace would be re-established as speedily as the war broke out by the first of May. The soldier died at the specified time and hour and it is now left for the future to develop the remainder - which I doubt most decidedly as regards its truthfulness. Resolved in Richmond that the 10th of April will be a day long to be remembered in the Southern confederacy. The reason for which assertion - I know not. Moved from our camp to Dam No.3 a half of a mile from our other position - relieved by the 9th Ala Regt and relieved the 14th Louisiana Regt. Our Company stationed with the Albemarle Artillery. The report of Genl Beauregard’s signal & glorious victory over Genl Buell confirmed with the death of Buell & the probable destruction of his entire army - glorious news. Beauregard the Mars of this war. The military chieftain of the age - heavy cannonading heard on yesterday in the direction of Newport News - Supposed to be the Virginia. The Yankees reported to be leaving this point - Do not expect a fight. Yesterday a most glorious and beautiful day - As lovely as a May Queen.
Sunday - April 13th 1862
Yankee drums heard beating nearly all of last night. Can hear them distinctly this morning - Never heard as many in my life - A very pleasant morning. Hope the Yankees will advance. want to see our boys under fire. Replyed to Lucie M Watt’s letter. Capt Tison returned who has been elected Lieut Col of Lowry’s Regiment. Am very much gratified at his promotion as it is well merited by him. One of Co “C” accidentally shot by one of his comrades -Dorman. A sad accident. Comp G moved over to support us on the left. A balloon sent up but twas a failure. Saw old Genl Early a poor looking excuse for a Genl. Examined our line of fortifications. Saw traces of Genl Washington’s old lines. Heard that the Virginia has captured 4 prizes. 2 borks & 2 barges.
Monday - April 14th 1862
Awakened at two oclock this morning by the bursting of shell firing hot and heavy for about 10 minutes - but after that ceased altogether. Threw up with Co G a breastwork of some 60 yards. A most beautiful day. Heard that Genl Beauregard had defeated, cut to pieces and captured Buell’s entire force. Do not believe it - The Yankees shelled our battery on the right of us and fired several shots at Genl Wilcox which came near hitting us in our camp. Printed orders From Genl Magruder that the battle had to be fought here on the Warwick River. No retreat or surrender. Genl Joe E Johnson arrived on yesterday who thinks that the battle will be fought mostly by artillery. A pleasant day.
Tuesday - April 15th 1862
Sick all of last night - and this morning. Made us some bomb proof coverings. Had our guns fired off. The roll of artillery carriages distinctly heard passing from left to right. Capt Malone came out tonight from Comp. Corpl Loudermilk returned. The Brigades of Genls Toombs & Jones arrived on last night - our entire effective force 30,000 men. Too small a number I fear - Yesterday 6 papers report the Yankees loss at Shiloah in the two days to be 15,000 Killed & wounded, we took 6,700 prisoners. Our loss supposed to be about 5,000 men & 76 pieces of artillery. Made some bomb proofs. Yankees quiet. A beautiful day. Sick all day. Genl Beauregard has fallen back on Corinth.
Wednesday - April 16th 1862
The Yankees did not disturb on last night. Finished our bomb proofs. The Yankee artillery opened lively this morning on our battery on their right of us. A heavy skirmish near Winn’s Mills. The 1st Ky Regiment surrounded but cut their way through and escaped. Col McKinney of the 5th NC killed leading a valiant charge. The battle lasted for about 3 hours, constant firing of small arms and our cannon was pouring in grape & Canister in raked discharges. Companies “B” & “G” ordered to go over the Warwick River on outpost duty. Started about 8 oclock. Relieved two companies from the 12th NC. Col Daniels horse killed and a NC Lieut leg shot off by a fragment in a shell.
Thursday - April 17th 1862
Cannons firing all night. Slept but little. Saw a Yankee balloon. The Yankees still firing at our battery. Fired at the Yankees several times and are occupying a very dangerous position in case of any attack. The Rounds made by Maj Hamilton 13th NC who says that Genl Magruder reports our loss to be about 93 killed & wounded. Yankee losses reported to be between 4 & 600. The Yankees fought bravely - charging our battery fortifications 4 different times and were driven back each time with great slaughter. Expect an attack this evening. A large force passing from right to left. The artillery duel still continued. Our papers report no Yankees about Manassas. All have retreated. One man killed at the battery yesterday & 4 horses. 2 men killed today by shells at Col Winston’s battery. I heard the true version of the fight. The 5th NC Regt were driven from the breastworks and their Colonel killed the first fire. Brig Genl Anderson’s Brigade coming up the 7th & 8th Ga Regts drove them out and across the stream. The Yankees fought bravely. The charge was made by 600 picked men from Vermont - supported by two Brigades. Our losses 18 killed and 40 wounded - Yankees 50 killed and 100 wounded. Relieved at 9 oclock by two Companies of the 14th NC. Feel relieved that we were not attacked while on our perilous position.
Friday - April 18th 1862
Considerable firing on our right last night about 2 oclock. False alarm & suppose as it so ceased. About normal from a Regt - Ordered to take our position on the left of our Regt and on the right of a 12 pound Howitzer - Richmond. A 24 pound Howitzer just in our rear. Saw a Yesterdays paper. The Yankees reported to have possession of Huntsville Ala. The fine Railroad bridge at Decatur burnt by our troops & the bridge at Bridgeport - Yankees claim a victory at Corinth - the second fight but say nothing of the 1st battle. They report their loss to 20,000 killed-wounded & missing and our loss to be 40,000. Maj Genl Sherman - 4 brigadiers and several Colonels killed and Maj Gen Buell mortally wounded. Maj Genl Halleck in command. Genl Mitchell’s division at Huntsville 11,000 troops - Infantry, cavalry & artillery. Genl Beauregard reports our victory to be greater in the second than in the first fight. The Yankees report that they have taken Island No. 10, 1 Maj Genl, 4 Brigadiers and several colonels - 50 captains 61 1st Lieutenants & 80 2nd Lts and 5000 troops their arms & accouterments - 200 cannons - 40,000 rounds cartridges - 1000 wagons and 2000 horses & mules. A grand military fabrication for English ears pathetic. A newspaper lie - An order from Genl Magruder for officers to send off his baggage or lose it as not a pound would be hauled. Went into Camp with Capt Malone after night and returned after night. Met with Bil Tate Knoxubee Rifles 11th Miss.
Saturday - April 19th 1862
Everything still on last night. No shots fired. Yankee balloons up this morning. A dark and cloudy morning. Fired several shots at us today. Struck the embankment near us. Had to lie in the trenches all day. Heard of the most singular occurrence yet chronicled in the war. Genl Magruder sent over a flag of truce for permission to bury the Yankee dead in the last skirmish. 30 bodies buried and 20 out of 30 shot though the head. Yankees getting bolden shot several shots at us on the breastwork. Genl Joe Johnson made a round inspecting the works.
Sunday - April 20th 1862
Rained all of last night. Got perfectly wet. Slept but very little. A heavy attack made on the right but were repulsed. Raining nearly all day. Have to lie in the muddy ditches awful terrible suffering. Ordered to fire off our loaded guns. A miserable Easter Sunday. Hope never to spend such another day. Yankees erecting a fortified location opposite this dam. Expect to be shelled by the rascals tomorrow. Our Generals think the Yankees intend to come on us by gradual approaches. Johnson here in Comp. Turned very cold and windy. Ordered to go on Picket duty.
Monday - April 21st 1862
Went over on Picket about 8 oclock. Rained nearly all night and blew a perfect “Norther”. Came near freezing to death. Rained all day & set for hour after hour in the rain thinking of the gloominess of political position. The dark and lowering brow of the heavens a fit comparison of our own position. Heard that the “signal victory” at Corinth had diminished down to 3000 prisoners & 14 pieces of artillery. The Yankees very sly suppose to be erecting fortifications. Relieved about 9 oclock by Companies 14th NC Regt. Had a muddy wet tramp to get back. The Yankees fired a shell at us which came near sending more than one of us to our long home. Have spent a miserable day.
Tuesday - April 22nd 1862
Set up the entire night by a camp fire. My third night without sleep or bodily rest. Feel miserable this morning. Cleared off on last night. The sun’s shining brightly. Expect the Yankees to open on us every minute with their artillery. Visited by Dr Frank Ervin “Prairie Guards” who brought me the first news that I have heard from home in a month. Visited by Capt Hearn “Prairie Guards”. Several April showers during the day. Relieved about 3 oclock. Marched a mile and a half camped on a dry ridge. Went back to Camp. Returned to Camp. Saw Maj Genl Magruder. Am not very favorably impressed with his appearance. The Washington Artillery arrived.
Wednesday - April 23rd 1862
Slept until very late. A warm and beautiful day. Barry came out from Camp. He and Gregory went over to the 11th Miss Regt. Charley came out bringing me provisions & clothes. Took a bath - feel like a new man. Had dress parade. Orders read making the least spirit of insubordination punishable by death. The resignation of Capt Macon. Co A returned. Wrote a long letter to Father. Saw a paper 21st. The Federals have reestablished past offices at Fairfax & Manassas - and have 200 miles of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. Gen Kirby Smith reported to be marching forward to drive them from Huntsville. Lt Col Lamarr in command.
Thursday - April 24th 1862
A beautiful morning - but rather cool. Recruits out drilling. Col Faulkner defeated for Colonel in the reorganization of the 2nd Miss Regt. Sam Butler elected Lt Col of the 11th Miss. Liddell Colonel. Had Company drill of 2 hours. Adjt Govan a candidate for Captain of The Jeff Davis Rifles in the 17th Miss. The conscription Bill read to us on Dress Parade which makes a soldier of every man in the Southern Confederacy not legally exempt. Sergt McKinsey elected 3rd Lt Co H, Sergt Rowan elected 3rd Lt Co K. Bought me a coat from Lt Kimes Co K - $5.00. Heard that Nashville was retaken by our troops under Genls Kirby Smith & Marshal.
Friday - April 25th 1862
Slept finely. Our Regt ordered to go over the Warwick river to support a party of skirmishers 2nd & 7th Louisiana & 19th Va Regts to go over with us and a battery of Artillery. Started at 12 oclock went over to the Upper Dam - But were ordered back on account of the rain. Went up to Yorktown with Barry. The Yankees shelling the town from their ships. 8 Federal vessels in sight. Met with Saml Humphries aid to Brig Genl French. Report of the recapture of Nashville contradicted. Yankees reported to be making a demonstration on Fredericksburg. Battle daily expected. Stonewall Jackson has retreated from the Valley of Va. A very disagreeable day.
Saturday - April 26th 1862
Rained considerably on last night. Awakened this morning by the boom of cannon and the rattle of musketry which was continued for 2 hours and then suddenly ceased. Rained all day. Lt Owens drew rations for us - 2 rations to each officer. Adjt Govan elected to a Captaincy in the 17th Miss Regt. Heard that the firing this morning was at the Upper Dam. The Yankees drove in our pickets, capturing 14 men and killing 2. A dark and gloomy day. Read the Gold Worshipers through. All of the old Field Officers thrown out of office in the 17th Miss. Rained nearly all day.
Sunday - April 27th 1862
Slept finely on last night, heard occasional firing between pickets. Had inspection. Had preaching by our Chaplain Parson Duke. Heard him deliver a very good sermon. Much better than expected. Lt Col Lamarr still in command. Col Mott is still unwell. A dark gloomy day. Heard that the Yankees had captured Fort Jackson and had their vessels anchored off New Albany in the Miss River. So it will be captured. Next is the general supposition. Had Dress Parade - Orders to go on picket tomorrow old post. Visited by Parson Duke who took supper with us. Had a pleasant time with him. Visited by Bowden Co K.
Monday - April 28th 1862
Got up early. Left about 8 oclock for the Upper Dam. Relieved the 19th Va Regt supported by 2 pieces of Latham’s Battery who are firing occasionally at the Yankees who are making fortifications opposite to us on the hill. The Yankees shelled like blazes. Had to keep in the ditches very close. The trees hit all around us. Nobody hurt. Lt Duncan while on picket had a piece of shell thrown through his coat. I heard that the rumor was false about the Yankees having New Orleans. The Yankees firing at us with a field battery of 6 pieces. Heavy firing at Yorktown. Companies “E” & “H” sent out on picket at our old post. A pleasant day.
Tuesday - April 29th 1862
The Yankees did not fire at us on last night. They commenced again this morning as soon as the fog cleared away. Making preparations for 4 more pieces of artillery to be stationed here. Heard that the Genls Jackson & Ewell had routed the Yankee army completely near Gordonsville having surrounded them. A most beautiful day - Detailed to act as officer of the Guard. Mounted guard at 8 oclock. Lt Barksdale officer of the day. Heard that the City of New Orleans was taken by the enemy but twas contradicted by the papers. Maj Genl Lovell had retreated from there to Camp Moore 14 miles without a fight. Shameful. Visited the picket post.
Wednesday - April 30th 1862
Had to set up all night at the Guard House - No Sergeant of the Guard - But few shots fired during the night. Visited Capt Macon & Lt Thomas. Yankees firing occasionally. Relieved by the 18th Va Regt. about 12 oclock. Returned to our old camp. Report of the capture of New Orleans Contradicted. Read a long letter from Fannie and one from Miss Agnes W Gresham. Recd the first letter that I have received from home in a month. Rained a little on today as we returned from picket. Capts Bell’s & Sharp’s companies in the Corinth fight. A good many wounded in the fight. only two killed.
Thursday - May 1st 1862
A dark and cloudy morning - heavy firing on last night at the Upper Dam. Had Company drill - Capt Martin sick. Visited the 11th Miss Regt. Saw Mr E Ervin and S Frank Ervin. Took dinner with them. Met with Lt Col Samuel Butler - Columbus under martial law. Geo Whitfield Provost Marshall. Heard that Joe Billups had raised a company and George Brown had raised another. Buck Humphries 3rd Lt in it. Returned via Yorktown. Saw the Yankee fleet. Yankees have run their fortifications up to within a half of a mile of our works. our batteries shelling them. Our Regt mustered in for pay this evening. Orders to all Regts to send back their sick to the river. Strong indications of a fight or a foot race (Army phrase) for retreat which seems to be imminent. Learned that New Orleans had certainly been surrendered to the Yankee fleet. O such dastardly cowardice as has been shown by that Northern platoon. Maj Genl Mansfield Lovell who had command at that point. Our pickets are becoming more and more gloomy every day and now we must be up and doing or we will be crushed for awhile beneath the iron heel of oppression.
Friday - May 2nd 1862
Had Skirmishing drill of an hour - baggage ordered back. Cooking utensils & spades all that could be sent. And orders for us to commence the retreat to night at dark. A great many articles left for want of transportation. Recd a letter from Fannie Dated April 14th. Wrote to Fannie by Capt Malone who has a sick leave of 40 days who leaves tomorrow. Wrote to Father sending him $420.00 $30 of which belongs to James E Hood to be paid on his account. New Orleans certainly captured. Which is shameful. Our orders countermanded. Our batteries shelling them. Our Regt mustered in for pay this evening. Orders to all Regiments to send back their sick to the river. Indications of a fight or a foot race (Army phrase) for retreat. Sent off my valise to the river.
Saturday - May 3rd 1862
Sent off the remainder of our baggage to Williamsburg. Capt Malone left. Laid in our Camp all day awaiting orders to march. Read The Mill on the Floss. A miserably poor affair. A most beautiful day. Heard that Genl Beauregard had fallen back from Corinth. Orders came at Sunset to prepare to leave at dark.
Sunday - May 4th 1862
Commenced our march about 9 oclock on last night. Went as far as Lebanon Church where all of Genl Longstreet’s division halted until about 4 oclock. Cannon firing all night. Noise heard supposed to be the result of firing the magazine. Started at daylight arrived in Williamsburg about 11 oclock. Made a fast march. Saw some pretty ladies passing through the town to our camp a half of a mile on this side from Yorktown. Saw a church built before the revolution - an antiquated concern. Overtook the remainder of the Grand Army of the Peninsula. Which looked more like an army than anything I have seen in the war so far. Williamsburg well fortified. Heard that our retreat had been intercepted by the Yankees. Do not believe it - if so we must fight to desperation and cut our way through or be killed. The wagon trains ordered to proceed. Heard that Genl Beauregard had fallen back from Corinth to Grand Junction or possibly Holly Springs. All of the troops drawn out in line of battle. Fight between our Cavalry and the Yankee ???. Several killed. we captured a battery of 4 pieces.
Monday - May 5th 1862
Rained sharply on last night and still raining this morning. Heavy firing heard beyond Williamsburg. Saw the artillery captured on yesterday. Ordered down to the fight at 8 oclock. Double quicked for about 2 miles. Went into the point of thick woods beyond our extreme left Redoubt. Having comp deployed as skirmishers took our line of battle across a hill. Deployed companies A & B as skirmishers. Killed several Yankees. Capt Macon had his leg broken. Yankees made 3 attacks on us which were repulsed every time. Our Regt was then ordered to drive them from the woods. we advanced about 75 yards when the battle opened in good earnest. Our chivalrous Colonel C. H. Mott killed in the first charge gallantly leading his Regt. We drove them from every point. But they fought well. We drove then 200 yards through the woods killing numbers of them. When our Regt was reinforced by the 9th Ala & 19th Va Regts, we drove them forward though the opening where the timber was cut down. It rained all day - about 30 killed and 100 wounded in our Regt. Drove the Yankees from their baggage - 6 men wounded my Company 2 I fear mortally. Kept out in the fight until dark. we then marched back to our camp getting lost & marching at least 5 miles.
Tuesday - May 6th 1862
We took a great many prisoners on yesterday and 2 batteries one of 17 pieces and the other of 6 pieces. Our men behaved nobly under fire. Heard the whistle of bullets until the sound grew familiar to my ears. Yankees loss about 500 killed & wounded. Ordered to leave Williamsburg on our way to Richmond - awful muddy. Road crowded with wagons, artillery and ambulances. Stopped awhile at the Crossroads. And then marched on for 4 miles farther to a little village where we camped for the night. Hungry, muddy and completely worn out. Feet badly blistered. John Williams seriously wounded in neck and both arms. Poor fellow but he came on and overtook us. Sergt Patterson & Bryant fell into the hands of the Yankees as they were too badly wounded to be removed. Our loss killed and wounded about 125 or 50. Yesterday was a most beautiful day. Saw Genls Longstreet and Johnson. Brought Col Mott’s body along with us. Stopped at a place called Bunton on last night. Heard that Maj Genl Early was mortally wounded on the 5th.
Wednesday - May 7th 1862
Rested finely on last night after our wearisome march. Heard that Prest Davis was coming to our assistance with 90,000 troops. Rations issued this morning. Set out about 7 oclock on our march.. Brigade halted and special orders read from Genl Longstreet. Congratulating us on the signal victory we achieved on the 5th inst. and specially cautioning us to keep up our organization. Met with my dear old friend Capt Malone - 2nd Miss Bat. A most lovely spring morning. out of provisions. Halted and prepared for another fight. Heard that the Yankees were in strong ahead of us at Chestpoint. Heard that Genls G. W. Smith & Hill were fighting them. Heavy firing heard ahead of us. Met us Capt Farley Volunteer Aid to Genl Steward who fought with us the day of the battle and who conducted himself so gallantly. He carried our colors awhile. He has been captured once before. He is originally from Lawrenceville SC. Am very glad to see him alive for I was fearful that he was killed. Heard that we had whipped the Yankees ahead of us and driven them back to their Gun Boats. Crossed the Chickahominey River. Bivouacked just beyond it after midnight. Marched all day and night and only marched about 5 miles.
Thursday - May 8th 1862
Started early this morning to overtake our baggage train. Stopped this morning about 3 oclock. A terrible fatiguing march on yesterday and last night as we would only go about 50 steps and stop. Marched about 3 miles and overtook our trains. Drew rations and cooked them up. The first in 24 hours. Started again about 2 oclock. Saw Genl Featherston. Marched about 6 miles through a lovely country. Our wagons took the wrong road. Passed through a long lane with a grove of beautiful cedars on each side. Heard that the Yankees were following us very closely. Heard that Genl Beauregard had gained another victory.
Friday - May 9th 1862
Camped last night about 11 oclock. Lts Duncan & Walls came up from Richmond. Saw some of our Cavalry on yesterday running from enemy’s cavalry. Had an order read out loud from Genl Longstreet forbidding the foraging of anything on the road. Started to march about 10 oclock passed over a long Mill Dam. Had to halt for Genl Early’s Division to pass us. Saw Capt Malone and Lt Stone 2 Miss Batl. Marched on through a beautiful country. Overtook our wagons about Sundown and camped having marched 7 miles. Cooked rations. Has been a most beautiful & lovely day. Our Camp in a half of a mile of the stream of Chickahominy.
Saturday - May 10th 1862
A most glorious morning. Recd orders for each man to have 60 Rounds Cartridges. Parson Duke returned from Richmond bringing me a letter from Capt Malone. He reports that a battle was expected at Corinth Miss on last Sunday but prevented by rain. Good prospect of our government being recognized by France. English papers strongly denunciatory of the Yankees. A Proclamation read to us from Genl Longstreet. Expect to fight here in 3 days if not a 3 days fight of it. A rousing proclamation. Wrote to Father by John Bowdry Co “K”. Genl Joe E. Johnson passed through camp. A day of idleness - A pleasant day.
Sunday - May 11th 1862
A fine Spring Morning. Detailed as officer of the day. Parson Duke preached us a very affecting sermon - “Remember Thy Creation in the days of Thy Youth”. Saw Richmond papers of yesterday. A fine tribute paid to the gallant Col C. H. Mott. Genl Beauregard fighting at Corinth Miss. Had driven the Yanks back for 5 miles. Genl Jackson has the Yankees in retreat before him have whipped them. Lying here awaiting a fight. Some artillery heard in our rear. Had Dress Parade - A speech from Lt Col L Q C Lamarr.
Monday - May 12th 1862
The day opened beautifully. Had Company Drill morning & evening or rather Skirmishing. It is believed that the main force of the enemy are going around us towards Fredericksburg. Had Dress parade. An order read from Genl Johnson communicating the gratifying intelligence of Genl Johnson having routed the enemy at Farmington. Driving them back for 5 miles and also the glorious news that “old Stonewall” in Maj Genl Jackson had whipped the Yankees at Bubbington and had them in retreat before him toward the Maryland line. Has been a very warm day.
Tuesday - May 13th 1862
Had Company Drill & Skirmishing of an hour. Made out a list of clothing needed in the Company. Had to make a report of our causalities in the late battle at Williamsburg Va. Had Battalion Drill. Made a poor drill of it. Read Yesterday’s papers Account of Genl Beauregard’s victory which is not as great as first reported. Only about 5000 troops engaged on each side. He had driven them back for several miles from Farmington. Heard that the Virginia or Merrimac had been blown up. From want of bravery in her commander to fight her to her death. I heard that the Yankees were landing in heavy force at City Point. Prospect of an attack on Petersburg begin to look very gloomy. Heard Maj Genl Magruder had whipped the Yankees on yesterday. A very pleasant day.
Wednesday - May 14th 1862
Had Company Drill. Went over and took a bath in the creek. Commenced raining. Rained nearly all day. Heard that the Merrimac had certainly been blown up. Buell reported to be advancing on Corinth in three different columns. Maj Genl Jackson reported to have thrashed the Yankees at or near Staunton again. The remainder of our Ala Regts came in who have been under Major Gracey of the 11th Ala - 11th Ala Regt returned to our Brigade. Went over and visited Lieut Moorehead. Heard that Capt W. W. Davis was promoted to Major in an Ala Regt. Heard that we were to leave this morning.
Thursday - May 15th 1862
Recd orders this morning at 2 oclock to prepare to leave. Col Lamarr attacked with another stroke of paralysis. Yesterday papers report the Yankees still advancing on Genl Beauregard. Right - Left & Centre. A general engagement imminent. Yankees loss in taking Fort Jackson 1000 Steamer Tennessee sunk and 2 motor boats - our loss 35 killed and 100 wounded. Still raining this morning. People leaving Richmond. Had to remain until 6 oclock in the evening before we started - all of Maj Genl Longstreet's troops passed us. Heard that the Yankee Gun Boats were in 9 miles of Richmond shelling our fortifications. Heard that Capt Macon was dead - died from amputating his limb.
Friday - May 16th 1862
Were on our feet all night and only marched a mile. Crossed the Chickahominy River. Very muddy marching. Rained nearly all night. Men without provisions. Expect a soaking today as it has commenced to rain again this morning. Bivouacked in an old wagon yard. Set out on our march about 9 oclock. Marched 5 miles and halted to cook. Started again at 3 oclock and marched until 12 oclock at night. An awful march as the roads were very muddy. Our Regiment scattered awfully. Brig Genl Dawson passed us. Saw Capt Malone and Lieut Stone. Almost worn out. Came near falling by the wayside.
Saturday - May 17th 1862
Stragglers coming in. Capt Martin returned from Richmond. Saw yesterdays papers. The President and City Council determined to protect Richmond to the last. 4 men killed and 7 wounded at Drury’s bluff day before yesterday. One of the Yankee gunboats set on fire by our shot. Ordered to march at ½ past 2 oclock. Marched on at quick time until we arrived in 3 miles of Richmond. Bivouacked in a pine grove on the left of the Charles City Road. No provisions issued to the men. Mismanagement on the part of our Commissaries. Sent out in the country for provisions for the Company. Parson Duke returned from Richmond Bringing me a letter from my good friend Miss Lucie M Watt. Capt Martin put under arrest by Maj Mullins.
Sunday - May 18th 1862
Replyed to Miss Lucie M Watt’s letter. A most beautiful Sabbath morning. Had inspection of arms. Finished my letter to Miss Lucie M . Preaching by Parson Morrison of Co “G”. Had to make out muster rolls for 4 months. Worked hard all day. Took Dinner with Capt Martin. He and Maj Mullins had some more words - additional charges by the Major. Recd a letter from Fannie announcing the death of John Brownlee. Jake Sharp elected Colonel of Blythe’s Regt. Sims Captain of the Rangers. Bill Richards raising an artillery Company. Luther Carrington 1st Lt Jason Davis 2nd. 5000 soldiers in and around Columbus. All the public buildings used as hospitals. A most beautiful & warm day.
Monday - May 19th 1862
Commenced raining this morning about 9 oclock. Had no drill & in consequence Drew clothing. Shoes for the men. Today’s papers report continual skirmishing at Corinth between our pickets. A general engagement duly expected. Wrote to Fannie. Genls Jackson & Ewell have the Yankees in full retreat. The famous army of Genl Milroy. Visited by Dr Wilburn. Lt Gregory went in to Richmond. Visited Capt & Lieut Harris. Signed an application to the War Department to have the order published to the Regiment assigning the relative rank of officers.
Tuesday - May 20th 1862
Had Company Drill of an hour. Recd a letter from Miss Lucie M Watt. Replyed to Miss Lucie’s letter. Today’s papers report that 18 of the Monitor’s crew were killed and captured at City Point on yesterday. 7 killed 10 captured and one escaped - good for our pickets. They also report attack on the center of Genl Beauregard’s army and that the enemy are coming on with gradual approaches fortifying as they come - dastardly cowards. And that the Yankee Gun Boats had demanded the surrender of Vicksburg but that the Mayor replyed “Mississippians never surrender”. A gallant response worthy of our noble state. All quiet but that they expect the Federals to shell the place but they are determined to fight it to the last. Arnold and Bill Lowry returned from Richmond. Had Battalion Drill. A most miserable affair. Maj Mullins commanding Lieut Barksdale resigned his position as adjutant of the Regiment. Lieut Duncan Co E appointed. As Co J has played out Co E now takes the stage. “tempora - O - mores” A very warm day - Suffered from heat. Read a novel styled A Gentleman of the Old School by James. Heard Lieut Green had died April 14th at Charlottesville.(Last sentence marked through)
Wednesday - May 21st 1862
Had Company Drill - Today’s papers report the atrocious and base order of the infamous Maj Genl Picayune Butler at New Orleans - regarding the ladies of that place as common harlots. Sufficient to arouse the hearts blood of every Son of the South. Let us douse and slaughter them without Mercy. Continuous skirmishing at Corinth. No more demonstrating. Lt Gregory returned. Brought nothing. Had Battalion Drill. Resignation Capt McKenzie Co H accepted. To take effect today - a warm and very disagreeable day. Genl Beauregard has issued a rousing proclamation to his troops. Heard that Green died April 14th at Charlottesville.
Thursday - May 22nd 1861(sic)
Sick all of last night and all day today. Visited Parson Duke. Received a letter from Miss Lucie M Watt. Today’s papers report that the skirmishing continues at Corinth and farther particulars of the exploits of the gallant Col Morgan - destroyed 43 cars and captured $330000 from the Yanks at Bowling Green in his late exploit. Rained today. Had no Battalion Drill. Had Dress Parade. Lt Col S.F. Hale of the 11th Ala Regt assigned to the command of the 9th Ala. A camp guard ordered by Brig Genl Wilcox. Visited Co A. Our wagons out after forage driven back by the Gun Boats in hot haste. 11th Ala Regt sent out on Picket duty. A dreary day. Faulkner of the 2nd Miss spoken of as our Colonel.
Friday - May 23th 1862
Had Company Drill. Drilled in skirmish drill. Feel very unwell. Col Taylor of the 2nd Miss Buell sent after his Enfield Rifles Sad we had to give them up. A very warm day. No Battalion Drill. Papers report an early prospect of a fight at Corinth. Heard some cannonading out in the direction of the Chickahominy River. Commence a letter to Capt Malone. Visited Lieut Lester & Kimes.
Saturday - May 24th 1862
Dr Duncan Co “D” shot himself mortally. Dark and cloudy this morning. Went into Richmond this morning with Dr Wilburn - Rained on us going in. I made the acquaintance of a Mr. Johnson, a druggist, a very clever man. Drew four months pay from Capt John Amblers. Streets crowded with officers and soldiers. Rained nearly all day. Met with George Taylor 2nd Miss Battalion. Heavy firing heard out in the McKlenburg turnpike. Heard various rumors all of which were exaggerated reports. Returned home at 5 oclock. Orders received to be in readiness to march this morning at daylight. Drew guns for my Company. Drew rifled muskets. Feel sick and tired. Papers report that the Federals suffered considerably in t???stock on Davis’ bluff.
Sunday - May 25th 1862
Wagons left early this morning going towards Richmond. My Company had nothing hauled. A cool morning. Had to leave everything - but left a guard. Left Camp about 9 oclock. Marched about 6 miles - making a circuit around Richmond which was in sight most of the time. Passed General Whitings Head Quarters. Saw Dr. Frank Ervin and Lt.Col. Saml Butler. Bivouacked about 4 oclock in a pine thicket about 2 miles from the city. Heard that in the fight in yesterday we had about 60 men killed wounded. The 1st Tenn were driven from their position. But the enemy were driven back farther in the nigh. A fine day. A general fight expected soon.
Monday - May 26th 1862
Heard that Lieut Duncan of Co D who shot himself in Saturday died in yesterday evening. Poor Man. Shot accidentally in the stomach. A man from Co G shot himself in the hand slightly and so did one from Co K. Wrote to Fannie. Sent off a letter to Selwyn by a man from Co K. Met with Capt Farley Volunteer Aid to Genl Stewart. Heard that Genl Jackson had captured 4000 Yankee prisoners and had recaptured Winchester Va and had the entire army of banks in full retreat before him. The 1st Maryland Regiment Yank and 1st Vermont Regt - Cavalry captured at Front Royal near Winchester the other 2000 captured in the town - Glenons.
Tuesday - May 27th 1862
Rained all night. Slept finely. Raining this morning. Papers give full confirmation of the reports of yesterday in reference to the valley. Skirmishing still kept up near Corinth and no nearer prospect of a general engagement. Continued firing heard in our lines lasting nearly all day. Ordered to have 3 days provisions on hand and kept cooked and to prepare fully for the desperate conflict. Visited by Maj Mullins. Had Dress Parade. Orders never to fall back in the next engagement until ordered to do so by our Generals. Forward is the word in war to the breach. Firing continued heavily until 7 oclock. A warm day. Wrote to Miss Lucie.
Wednesday - May 28th 1862
Papers of today report that we took 53 prisoners on yesterday. Up to 2 oclock. Full confirmation of Genl Jackson victory and of the victory of Genl Sibley in New Mexico. Yankee balloon up on yesterday. Vicksburg still safe. Visited by Lt Terry Jeff Davis Legion. A very warm day. Visited by Parson Duke. Had Dress Parade. Capt Scruggs sent back to the Regt. Lt Col Lamarr granted 60 days furlough. Adjt Govan resignation accepted April 26th 1862.
Thursday - May 29th 1862
The day opened most gloriously. Had Company Drill of an hour. Very warm disagreeably so. The papers report the capture of Martinsburg with immense Commissary & Quartermaster stores. The Baltimore & Ohio railroad completely broken up and that Banks Army had retreated in broken squads across the Potomac. Glorious for old Stonewall who now has the road open to Washington City. A portion of Genl G.W. Smith Division moved on last night to the front. Had Battalion Drill orders read at Dress Parade making it necessary for application for discharges to go before a Medical Board. Capt Scruggs returned to his position and a just tribute paid to Lt Perry. A.A.Q.M. Detailed as officer of the Day tomorrow. Visited Lt Crockett & Parson Duke.
Friday - May 30th 1862
Had guard mounting. Dark and cloudy this morning. The papers of today report Genl Jackson in Williamsport Maryland. The first man to cross the Potomac. The Yankees are retreating from their present lines in order to protect their own Capital at Washington City. Vicksburg still safe. The Yankee fleet fired a few shots but did no damage. The remainder of Genl G.W. Smiths Division moved to the front in last night and are reported to be following up Genl McClellan very closely - who it is supposed will retreat to the cover of his gunboats at Westpoint. Visited Lts Perry & Lindsay - Co A. Commenced raining at 5 oclock this evening. Rained in a perfect torrent. Rained until after dark and then rained until about 2.
Saturday - May 31st 1862
Orders came on last night at 12 oclock to be prepared to march this morning at daylight. 2 days rations - 1 blanket and canteens filled. Left Camp about 8 oclock. Made a rapid march towards the Williamsburg Road the same way we came from our former camp. Left Knapsacks. Everything indicates a preparation for a battle. Artillery moving with us. Papers report that the rumor of McClellan’s retreat circulated in yesterday was premature. He has only changed his position for strategic purposes. No news from Genl Jackson which appears rather ominous. Heard that about 17000 Yankees had crossed the Chickahominy and that their bridge was washed away. Started for the scene of actions about 2 oclock. Did not arrive until about ½ past 5 oclock. Saw number of our wounded. Met with Capt Manlove who reported that half of his Company were either killed or wounded. Saw about 500 Yankee prisoners. Passed on through several Yankee camps. Saw everything in abundance. Our forces broke the enemy’s center driving him from his camps in dire confusion. Captured a private - real Yankee - member of the 100th N York Regiment. An imprudent rascal. Came near making him swallow my sword. Spent the night in line of battle. Yankees on all sides of us. Wet and weary. Prospect of our being made to get up double quick.
Sunday - June 1st 1862
Did not sleep any on last night. Kept out pickets all night. Brisk skirmish this morning. A general fight commenced in our right about 7 oclock. A brisk fight. Had to retreat. Come very near being cut off this morning twice. Our loss pretty heavy. The 9th Ala Regt saved us from capture. Returned through the Yankee camps. My Company thrown out as skirmishers. Shot a Yankee. Shelled by our own men. Stopped in the camp of the 69th N.Y. from 12 oclock until that night. Heard Genl Johnson was wounded. Saw a New York Herald. Feel very unwell. Flux and diarrhoea. Saw a great many dead Yankees. A warm day. Therrell wounded.
Monday - June 2nd 1862
Commenced our retreat last night about 12 oclock. Had an awful time marching in mud and water all of the way from Half leg to knee deep. Awful marching. Suffered immeasurably from Piles. Saw the Yankee balloons up. Saw an account of the battle of Saturday and Sunday. Loss estimated equal on each side about 12 or 1500 killed and wounded and some 5 or 600 prisoners. Captured 28 pieces of artillery. Our troops took every battery. Recd a letter from Fannie informing me of Mother’s sickness and of the death of Mrs S F Ervin. Recd a letter from Miss Lucie M Watt. A very warm day. Genl Coulsen Brigade ordered back.
Tuesday - June 3rd 1862
Orders in last night to have 3 days provisions in Haversacks and be ready to march out in line of battle at a moments warning. A very warm morning. Rained in last night. Promoted R Riley to the position of 4th Sergt. Made application to have Corpl B F Vaughn reduced to ranks for conduct unbecoming an officer when in line of battle on June 1st 1862. Ordered out on line of battle. Started about 9 oclock. Marched out over 2 miles from Richmond on the Williamsburg Road. Stopped near Genl Longstreet’s Headquarters. Remained there all evening. Bivouacked for the night. Yankees Balloons up nearly all day. Boys giving Capt Robinson their opinion of him in full.
Wednesday - June 4th 1862
Rained nearly all of last night. Got wet. Slept none. Still raining until 10 oclock this morning. A dreary time of it. There will be no fight today owing to rain. Heard that Vicksburg had made her defiance good. Yankees had shelled Baton Rouge. Did but little damage. Rained often in all day. Saw Genl Magruder. Heard that if it had not been for the rain that we would have attacked in 3 points in yesterday. Suffering from loss of sleep & etc. Slept a little in an ambulance captured on Sunday. The private property of the Yankee General Casey. Prospect of another awful night. Rumored that Port Walton is to be evacuated.
Thursday - June 5th 1862
Rained again on last night. Spent a most miserable night. Came near freezing. A lively cannonading over in the York River Railroad. The 22nd anniversary of my birthday. Feel very unwell. Momentarily expecting to go into a battle. Some of our men have acted base cowards. Started down the same road we traveled on Saturday last about 9 oclock. Marched about 2 miles. Stopped beside the road until about 6 PM when we marched about ½ mile back & bivouacked in the woods for the night. Cannonading continued nearly all day. Heard that our troops had captured a battery this morning. Am very anxious to have the great battle to come off and be decided. A dreary day.
Friday - June 6th 1862
Papers report our loss in the “battles” of the 31st of May & 1st of June to be at least from 2500 to 3000 killed & wounded. Yankee loss estimated from 8 to 10,000. Vicksburg still uninjured. Orders to report all men about as deserters. Yankee papers claim a victory on Saturday & Sunday. They also report that Genl Beauregard & the rebel army have evacuated Corinth. A Yankee Coward. Fort Pillone still being bombarded by the Federals. Have done no damage. Heard some cannonading over in the line of the York River Railroad. All quiet. Fear that our Generals will adopt the “Spade Policy”. The most despicable of all. Give us an open field to fight. Rained some today. Feel very unwell. Lt Gregory returned to Company.
Saturday - June 7th 1862
Papers have but little news in them. No account of Genl Jackson. Recd a letter from Miss Lucie M. Watt. Recd one from Jas. B Potts at Corinth Miss. Recd one from Barry informing me of his going home. He has left me this. Recd one from John Williams who is recovering from his wounds. Heard that Stonewall Jackson had whipped the Yankee Genl Shields capturing 1100 or 1300 prisoners and driving him back into Maryland. Rained very hard this evening. Visited by Lieut Jones. Visited Capt Martin. Have spent a lonesome day of it. Heard from Darby Henley and Dave Lang.
Sunday - June 8th 1862
Very cool in last night. A beautiful morning. Inspection set. Heard preaching Parson Duke a pretty fair sermon. Sent into Camp. Replyed to both of Miss Lucie’s communications. Replyed to Fannie’s letter. Visited by Capt Martin. A pretty day of it. Very cool this evening. News confirmed about Genl Stonewall Jackson. Received orders to have a 3rd Lieut elected. Several elections on the Regiment. Charley Burrage Co A serving Co “D”. A young set. Rained this evening. Heard from my friends 5th Ala Regt. Henley sick others well.
Monday - June 9th 1862
Had an election. John R Sirles elected 3rd Lieutenant Co B. Walls Co “H” Agnew Co. “K”. Sent in an application to Genl Wilcox to visit the City in business connected with John Williams. Received a letter from Fannie. All well at home. Recd an order from Genl Longstreet announcing Stonewall Jackson splendid victory over Shields & Fremont. Routing them both - glorious for old Stonewall. Papers report Picayune Butler assassinated and old Andy Johnson killed in Nashville by a Mr. Brown. Drew F’lies for the Company our things brought over from the old Camp. A pretty day. Capt Martin before the Court Martial. Genl Wilcox presiding.
Tuesday - June 10th 1862
Rained very hard on last night and this morning. Went up to Genl Wilcox’s Headquarters. Did not receive my permit. Visited the 5th Ala Regt. Saw Capt Belcher - Lieut Dorse, Darby Henley & Dave Lang. Had a pleasant time. Henley very unwell. Papers give a full confirmation of old Stonewall Jackson glorious victory. Yankees lie outrageously about the last battle at the “Seven Pines”. Yankees throwing shells over at us from their long range guns. A wet disagreeable day. Visited Capt Martin & Lt Holt. Expect to get up a petition for the removal of our incompetent Major.
Wednesday - June 11th 1862
Went into Richmond - Went to the Chimborazo Hospital. Saw Arnold K Coffey. Met with my old friend. Covington Otley. Met with Capt Malone. Streets crowded with Officers & soldiers playing off sick. Went to see Andrew Martin. Found him quite sick. Took dinner with Lieut Gregory near the old fair Grounds. Went up to the Presidents Office for Capt Martin. Papers report farther news from Genl Jackson - Giving full particulars of the fall of the gallant Ashly. He died a brave soldier’s death. Saw Genl Whiting’s Brigade on their way to aid Jackson. also Hood’s Texas Brigade and their artillery. Saw Art Ervin & Frank Pate - Richmond the last place in the world to procure.
Thursday - June 12th 1862
Sick all of last night. Formed the acquaintance of several officers of the 9th Ala Regt. Worked hard all day making out pay rolls for the Company and then could not get the money. Had Company drill morning and evening. Sent out Lt Sirles to officiate. Visited several officers. Officers speaking of a petition to remove Major Mullins which I hope will be successful for I have but little faith in his bravery & skill. Papers report Genl Beauregard having safely conducted his retreat and at a point 30 miles from Corinth Miss.
Friday - June 13th 1862
A warm morning. Had Company drill morning & evening. Lt Sirles officer of the Guard. Hear that reinforcements are still going to Jackson. Wish that we could go for I am very anxious to leave this point. Papers report nothing farther from Jackson. The Yankees have drawn in their picket lines. Drew Clothing. Recd orders to be in readiness to leave here in the morning at 8 oclock to join Genl Pryor’s Brigade. Think future we are to be transferred from the military rule of Genl Wilcox.
Saturday - June 14th 1862
All ready to leave at the appointed hour. Left old Genl Wilcox’s Brigade this morning at 9 oclock and took the place of the 8th Ala Regt in Genl R.A. Pryor’s Brigade now composed of the 14th Ala - 14th Louisiana & 19th Miss Regts. Have a very good camping place. Got things arranged very comfortably. Drew the men’s money and paid them. Recd a month’s pay of Capt L.S. Scruggs. Many papers report another Yankee raid about to be made in East Tenn. Our Miss River fleet destroyed and Memphis taken. So our misfortunes thicken at every step. A soul stirring appeal from the noble daughters of New Orleans. A very warm and unpleasant day. Called into line at sunset with the reminder of the Brigade.
Sunday - June 15th 1862
Marched hard nearly all night having left Genl Pryor’s Headquarters at 9 oclock PM. Marched about 10 miles making a long detour and striking the Drury’s Bluff road en route as we think for Long Bridge. Expect a heavy Battle in today in which I hear reported that this division must attack and cut off the retreat of the Yankees. Set out this morning at sunrise. Ordered back about 6 oclock AM. The object of this mission having been accomplished which was to protect Genl Stewart who had made a descent on the Yankee Camp across the Chickahominy River burning or destroying several millions of dollars worth of stores and capturing between 150 & 200 prisoners and we were to prevent his being cut off by the Yankee force on this side of the Chickahominy River. But he had crossed and was safe at 8 oclock this morning. A warm & weary march of it back to Camps. Marched about 8 miles coming back arrived at Camp about 11 oclock. Ordered out again at 1 oclock in line of battle. But a false alarm. Came in about 4 oclock at which time a violent rain commenced to fall. Lt Gregory returned from Richmond. Rained all evening. A great many playing off sick. Not one half of the men out this evening. Detailed as Officer of the Day.
Monday - June 16th 1862
A beautiful morning. Ordered out on line about 9 oclock. Had orders read to us from Brig Genl Pryor censuring in strong terms the conduct of men who remained sick in camp or who fell out & lagged behind on the march. Ordering that they be treated as deserters hereafter and thanking those who made the march. Papers confirm the statement of Genl E.B. Stuart’s brilliant achievement giving full particulars. The captured 144 prisoners, 12 officers & 40 Negroes. Burned 3 transports near the white home and large commissary & quarters. Muster Stenis camps and losing only 7 men killed - 3 wounded. A magnificent achievement. Returned to Camp at 1 oclock. Had Company Drill. A fine day. Gregory Holt having a bout at Iuka. Vicksburg safe Memphis occupied by the Yankees.
Tuesday - June 17th 1862
Another full account of Genl E.B. Stuart’s splendid achievement in rear of McClellan’s grand army. Papers report an invasion into East Tenn. - Chattanooga threatened by the Federal Genl Morgan. Had Company Drill. A very cool and pleasant morning. Had Battalion Drill. The 14th La & 14th Ala Regts taken out of our Brigade and the 12th Miss Regt., 2nd Miss Battalion and the 2nd Florida Regt have taken their place. Saw Lt Stone and Floyd and Lieuts Whitfield & Littleton of the 2nd Miss Bat. Was over in their camp. An order read from Genl Lee forbidding cheering in battle except when advancing on the enemy or charging the foe. A man died in Co “G” Pneumonia.
Wednesday - June 18th 1862
Had Company drill. A warm morning. Went over to a Suttlers store with Caruthers. Papers report that the enemy had left Chattanooga. So it is still safe. Gives full particulars of the naval battle off Memphis. Our little gunboats fought desperately but the odds were too heavy against them. All destroyed except the Van Dorr which escaped to Vicksburg. Had Battalion Drill. Brig Genl Pryor drilled us. Am well pleased with our efficiency. Heavy cannonading heard several times today. A warm day. No orders. Nothing from Jackson.
Thursday - June 19th 1862
A warm morning. Made out Guard report for Gregory. Went into Richmond. Saw John Williams who is slowly improving. Streets filled with soldiers. A very warm day. Met with Capt Govan. Papers report heavy skirmishing in yesterday over a 100 killed & wounded. Also full particulars of the fight off Charleston on James Island at Secessionville which resulted in the utter repulse of the Yankees. Heard that the Yankees had possession of Welden N.C. Returned about 6 oclock. Found that our Brigade had been out in line of battle in my absence. But all was then quiet, found going out on Drill.
Friday - June 20th 1862
Had Company Drill. Made entry of a large lot of articles for the Company. Visited by Lieut Littleton - Miss. Bat. Papers report that the Federals have evacuated East Tennessee. Loss heavy at Secessionville. A very pleasant day. Had Battalion Drill. Capt S.B. Malone returned from Columbus Miss. Brought me a letter from mother who is quite sick. All of the rest well. He reports crops fine and that Genl Beauregard’s Headquarters at Tupelo Station. A great number of sick in Columbus. Gives me all of the late news from Home. Heard from all of my friends. Continual cannonading heard today. Detailed as Brigade officer of the Guard.
Saturday - June 21st 1862
Went up to Genl Pryor’s Headquarters reported at 8 oclock. Capt Thomas Officer of the Day. Had one prisoners turned over. Relieved Lt Prigmore of the 2nd Miss Battalion. Heard some heavy cannonading. Yankees shelled the Camp of the 18th Miss on yesterday. A warm day. Heard about a dozen sufficient experiences of men how they felt in battle. Rounds made by Capt Thomas of Co “A”. Saw Maj Genl Longstreet at the Brig Genl Pryor’s Headquarters. Had one prisoner from the 12th Miss. Visited Capt Blewitt and Lt Littleton of the 2nd Miss Battalion with Capt Malone & Lt Gregory after night.
Sunday - June 22nd 1862
Was sick all of last night. Cholera. Numbers quite unwell this morning. Our Regt received orders to move camp in order to change Brigades. Moved over beyond the Camp of the 2nd Miss Batt in Brig Genl Featherston’s Brigade of Mississippians. Not relieved until after 10 oclock. 26 hours on duty. Visited Lieuts Stone & Floyd of the 2nd Miss Batt. Took dinner with them. Returned to Camp. Had Dress Parade. Lt Allen appointed Adjutant. Camped in old Field near Brig Genl Picket’s Head Quarters. A very warm day. Recd some clothes sent me by my loved home folks. Took Sirles in our mess. Visited Maj Mullins with Capt Malone.
Monday - June 23rd 1862
Had Company Drill. Had a good deal of trouble with the Company. Wrote a long letter to Fannie and a note to Father. Recd a letter sent me from Capt Martin in opening for Tommie Gibson. Bridged. Papers report that the Yankees have possession of Holly Springs. Papers report a probability of Genl Beauregard’s falling back to Columbus Miss. But I hope that it may never be the case. Capt Malone started to Petersburg after his horse. Various camp rumors afloat the most circulated Genl Jackson approaching Genl McClellan in the rear. Heavy Cannonading heard at internals all day. Hope that the great battle may soon come off. I am wearied with suspense. Visited by Lt Littleton.
Tuesday - June 24th 1862
Rained considerably on last night. A wet morning. Had Company Drill. Papers report the murder of Genl Bradford of Holly Springs and the murder of Wm Mumford of N.O. by the Demon Butler. Made out charges against R.S. Cook for conduct prejudicial to Public Service & Military Discipline. Rained very hard this evening. Got our bed completely soaked. Hear that old Stonewall Jackson is approaching to attack Genl McClellan in the rear. Large number of troops going to the front. An attack expected tomorrow. Recd a note from John Williams. Saw two Yankee horses taken on yesterday.
Wednesday - June 25th 1862
Had Company Drill. A wet morning. Troops going to the front in large numbers. Heard heavy firing at the front. Ordered to be ready to leave at a moments notice. Had a company inspection. Called out into line expecting to leave but it proved to be a false alarm. Firing continued all day. Have heard that our men were hotly engaged. The Yankees made the attack. Fight was on the main Williamsburg road. The 1st La Regt was hotly engaged. Capt Malone returned. Visited Dr Lyon of the 2nd Miss Batt. Formed rather a poor opinion of him. Had Dress Parade. Detailed as Officer of the Day. A very cool day. Saw some wild young ladies!
Thursday - June 26th 1862
Recd orders on last night to leave at 3 oclock. Started at the appointed hour. Marched around a circuit of about 3 miles and struck the Mechanicsville road where we halted for several hours. Saw numbers of wagons and ambulances going to the front. Indications of a heavy engagement. Saw Prest Davis going to the front. A pleasant day. Heard that Genl Jackson & A.P. Hill were giving it to the Yankees. Gave it to them heavy. Drove them back two miles. Started about dark and marched on to Mechanicsville turnpike. Saw a great many wounded. Stopped awhile at Mechanicsville - about an hour. Then to our position.
Friday - June 27th 1862
Stopped in rear of the battle on yesterday. Our pickets driven in at daylight. The battle then opened briskly. We moved forward to the edge of the woods. Fire very hot. Ordered to charge. Capt Foote. A. A. Genl of Genl Featherston’s staff leading. He was killed while gallantly leading our charge to a creek about 200 yards of the enemy where we stood bravely holding as the Yankees had us at great disadvantage. Lost 4 killed & 10 wounded. Half of my Company routed the Yankees. Followed them on for 5 miles. ordered to go in again in the evening. Drove the Yankees before capturing several batteries. Our men routed them completely. Killed numbers. Lost 2 killed & 4 wounded.
(Lt. Norris died June 30, 1862 from wounds received at Frazier’s Farm. Buried in Brownlee Cemetery, Lowndes Co, MS)
Inside Front Cover Capt Martin ??nts Pazzons - 1 pound cake 1 lb Candy 1 pr Gloves TJ Young Rienzi Miss JT Ross Rienzi Miss S=2.25 C.C=0.25 S 15 15 ------- Inside Back Cover Young 30 Riley 10 Cook 20 Christain 20 Whitesides 20 Merwin 20 Gibson 10 Westbrooks 30 T Therill 20 McMethen 20 Taylor 10 Johnson 10 Barbour 20 Scisson 20 Caruthers 10 A Therill 20 Wolf 20 Hood 20 Lowery 20 Smith 20 Eli Mooney 20 Robbins 20 Vaughn 20 Westmoreland 30 Alford 20 Mooney 20 McClelland 20 Sirles 20 G Williams 20 “ 60 I owe Hood $12.00 paid him 5.00 ------ 7.00 Capt Malone’s afe?? for March & April Settled by me June 18th 1862 --- $20.78 Lt Gregory owes me $20.96 for Commissary account settled for him. Money loaned to members of Co “B” 19th RM D J Williamson $5.00 Srgt O Barber $10.00 J C Shook $10.00 R H Shoop $5.00 W C Carothers $2.00 J W Williams $5.00 E H Williams $2.00 “ “ “ “ Robt S Cook $2.00 $1.00 Lieut Jones Co G $5.00 Terry Jeff Davis Legion $5.00 James Taylor Pd $10.00 ====== $61.50 The Southern Confederacy owes me Two hundred forty for two months wagesThis diary is the property of J.D. Davis and is copyrighted by him. Lt. George D. Norris was his wife's great great uncle. It is intended for personal use only. Any other use requires his written permission.