Bureau of Land Management . . .

Carroll County, Mississippi

General Land Office Records-

Carroll County Mississippi

Bureau of Land Management- General Land Office Records

Submitted by John Hansen, November 2003


Index by Township/Range

                        T21N-R2E     T21N-R3E      T21N-R4E      T21N-R5E

                        T20N-R2E      T20N-R3E      T20N-R4E      T20N-R5E

                        T19N-R2E      T19N-R3E      T19N-R4E      T19N-R5E

T18N-R1E    T18N-R2E      T18N-R3E      T18N-R4E      T18N-R5E    T18N-R6E

T17N-R1E     T17N-R2E     T17N-R3E      T17N-R4E      T17N-R5E     T17N-R6E

                                                T16N-R3E      T16N-R4E      T16N-R5E     T16N-R6E


Index by Surname Letter

A     B     C     D     E     F     G     H     I     J         

L     M     N     O     P         S     T    V     W     Y

About this Project:  These pages have over 5,200 Records indexed.....

In research that it is often helpful to understand not only our ancestors, but their neighbors and affiliated families that resided within their homestead area. These are sometimes the families that immigrated together to a new area and are often the families that our ancestor's children intermarried with. By studying the mapped area of your ancestors,  some valuable clues develop from the surrounding entities. 

How to Locate Your Ancestors Land in Carroll County!

Mississippi  was subject to the Federal Township and Range System for identifying land. We are not going to discuss the how system brought us to Carroll County. You can read more about it at: Legal Land Descriptions in Federal Township and Range System. To plot the land you need a land description from the General Land Office for original land patents or a record of sale from the County Court House. The General Land Office website can be reached by the following link -  (General Land Office) .

Township and Range lines are 6 miles wide. The crossing of the two lines create boxes that are approximately 6 miles square. Each Township/Range box on the Carroll County Map is numbered to indicate which Township and Range cross to create that square. (Example: 17N2E) Township 17 North and Range 2 East.  A detailed Carroll County map, is available from the Mississippi Department of Transportation's main website.  This map shows all county roads, state highways, land features, and the township and range designations.  Carroll County's designations vary from Township 16 North to Township 21 North, and from Range 1 East to Range 6 East.

All Land Descriptions under this system read from the smallest division and go to the Largest, but to use them you have to read from the largest to the smallest or right to left. The following two descriptions are for land bought by David W. Connely on November 10, 1840 at the Land Office in Choccuama. 

1)  -  21N - 2E - S24
2)  -  21N - 2E - S25

Reading from right to left, the first entry is 24 and 25 respectively.  This is the section that the land was purchased in.  For further detailed information, refer to the Bureau of Land Management- General Land Office records for the specific legal description.  The next part is 2E and is the Range line number (Vertical Line). 21N is the Township line designation (Horizontal line). So on our Carroll County Map that you can download from the Mississippi Department of Transportation, this land is in the square marked 21N-2E.   The township are vertical numbers beginning with Township 16 north at the bottom and ending with Township 21 North at the top.  The Range sections run horizontal and begin with Range 1 East on the left to Range 6 East on the right.  Follow the cross coordinates of each to the specific Township/Range description.

Each of the Township/Range boxes are further broken down into approximate 1 mile squares that are called sections. There are 36 sections in a Township/Range box. The numbering of these sections start in the top right of the Township/Range box and go to the left. The next line starts in the section box under the section 6 box and the numbering goes to the right and then continues in a zigzag pattern as shown in the illustration. Each of these numbered 1 mile square boxes are called a Section and contains 640 acres. Note that these sections are outlined and numbered on the maps downloaded from the Mississippi Department Of Transportation. Now we are ready for the next part of the Land description for Connely's land which is a "24" and indicate that the land is in Section 24 of the Township/Range box T21N-R2E.  This will help you to locate the land description to the square mile. 

| 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 |
| 7 | 8 | 9 |10|11|12|

Each Section box is divided into Quadrants and each Quadrant is divided into four parcels creating sixteen 40 acre parcels of land. The quadrants are named NW (northwest) for upper left, NE (northeast) for upper right, SW (southwest) for lower left and SE (southeast) for lower right. Each Large Quadrant is divided into four parts and are label as are the larger quadrants. The scope of this project does not go into detail as to which quarter of land was purchased, for this information you will have to visit the Bureau of Land Management's- General Land Office website for additional information, however, a description of how to read the "quarter" information is included below.

Now we will look at the last portion of the land description. The two descriptions are NESW and NWSE. 

The first will read: "The Northeast 1/4 of the Southwest 1/4" 

The second description reads "Northwest 1/4 of the Southeast 1/4". 


I sincerely hope this helps the researcher in learning more about the lives of these individuals, where they lived, and who were their neighbors.  If you have any questions, comments, or would like to help in compiling additional information regarding this project, please contact me.

(The following explanation for land patents was provided by Everette Carr, a County coordinator, on January 2, 2006)

Not all Land Patents show the cost of the land that the purchaser was buying.  It may be there in some instances but was not always shown by the individual  recording the information.
According to the BLM site, In the early 1800's people could buy public land under the Cash-Act for $1.25 an acre and for a time, they could purchase up to a maximum of 640 acres.
The Homestead Act of 1862 nullified the terms of the Cash Act and this act allowed people to settle up to 160 acres of public land if they lived on it for a period of five years and grew crops or made improvements. There was no cost associated with the acquisition of the land other than a filing fee.
Neither of these acts is currently in effect.
Unlike the Homestead Act which required that the purchaser settle on the land for a period of five years, the Cash-Act had no such restrictions. All that was required was sufficient cash to purchased the land the individual was interested in buying. Thus, there were many land speculators that purchased land with the sole intent of reselling it later at a profit. As a result, many of the original land patents were issued to individuals that
never lived on the land they purchased. The ultimate settler on some sections of land purchased their land from a speculator and the sale would be recorded as a deed transfer in the County's Chancery Court. This is unfortunate for genealogists, because it robs them of a wonderful source of information at the Federal level.


2010 John Hansen, All Rights Reserved