by Everett Carr
Rowland, Dunbar, ed. Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties,
Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form.
Atlanta, GA: Southern Historical Publishing Association, 1907.
Vol. 2, page 798.
Treaty of Chickasaw
This treaty was
negotiated by Gen. James Wilkinson, Benjamin Hawkins and Andrew Pickens,
with the mingo (or “king”) and sixteen head men of the Chickasaws.
Presents of $700 worth were made, and permission gained to build a wagon
road on the Natchez trace, northward to the mouth of Bear Creek, on the
Tennessee river, and on to Miro district, or Nashville. The United
States had been granted five miles square at the mouth of Bear Creek in
1784, but this had never been occupied, as the Spanish party among the
Chickasaws had remonstrated. Of the Chickasaws the commissioners
said: “We with pleasure bear testimony to the amicable and orderly disposition
of this nation, whose greatest boast is that they have never spilt the
blood of a white man; but, with these dispositions they are not so far
advanced in the habits of civilization as their neighbors the Cherokees,
though they discover a taste for individual property, have made considerable
progress in agriculture, and in stocking their farms, and are desirous
to increase their domestic manufacturers.” After this convention,
Col. Butler and eight companies of the Second infantry were ordered up
the Tennessee, the route was changed to east of Bear Creek, and Samuel
Mitchell, Chickasaw agent, and two Indians were deputed to mark the line.