A Concise History of Washington County

...continued from the Washington County MSGenWeb Project Index

Other towns in the county are Hampton, Pettit P.O. or Avon Station, Winterville, Stoneville, Tralake, Moore, Glenallen and Hollandale. The whole county is intersected by numerous lines of railway belonging to the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley, and the Southern Railway systems. Besides the Mississippi river on the West and the Yazoo on the east, Deer creek, Bogue Phalia and Black bayou flow south through the length of the county, and with Lakes Lee, Swan, Silver, Washington and Jackson constitute the principal waters. The census for 1900 rates Washington county first in the value of its lands and ninth in the value of its manufactured products, among the counties of the State. Out of 560,000 acres in the county, not quite 200,000 were improved in 1900. Of the remaining unimproved land, a very large proportion of its is covered  with an immense growth of timber composed of various kinds of oak, ash, gum, hickory, walnut, pecan and large cypress brakes. This timber is a source of great present and future wealth to the county, is almost inexhaustible in quantity, and, when the lands are stripped of their valuable forest growth, they will yield a full tide crop the second year. Not all this valuable timber is being cut and exported, but more and more is being worked up into finished lumber by the planning mills, and by the many small wood-working shops and factories, which are springing up in the region. The soil is a rich alluvial loam of great depth and will produce from one to two bales of cotton and from fifty to eighty bushels of corn per acre. Besides these great staple crops, it produces wheat, oats, rye, barley – the three latter crops being chiefly grown for their value as winter pasture for stock, -- sorghum, rice, and all the fruits and vegetables common to the latitude and region. The native nut tree of the Delta is the pecan, and its nuts are a valuable food for swine, and are also gathered for the market in great quantities. The larger Texas variety of the pecan has been introduced here and is perfectly at home in the climate. Horses, cattle and hogs are bred here in great numbers, and the pasturage is good both winter and summer. Perhaps no country in the world can produce pork as cheaply as the Delta and this fact is being more and more generally recognized by the inhabitants of this favored region. Some attention is paid to sheep husbandry, but the flocks are small and are chiefly raised for mutton. The census of 1900 values the live stock higher than any county in the State. Church and school advantages for both races are found throughout the county. The region now compares favorably with other parts of the State in point of health, since the great underlying artesian basin has been tapped for supplies of pure, cold water.
     The following statistics, taken from the United States census for 1900 relate to farms, manufacturers and population: -- Number of farms 6,853, acreage in farms 265,138, acres improved 197,896, value of the land and improvements, excluding buildings $6,767,530, value of the buildings $1,557,240, value of the live stock $1,372,594, total value of products not fed to stock $3,944,632. Number of manufacturing establishments 128, capital invested $1,391,968, wages paid $196,850, cost of materials used $744,579, total value of products $1,473,739. The population consisted of whites 5,002, colored 44,214, total 49,216, increase of 8,802 over the year 1890. The total assessed valuation of real and personal property in Washington county in 1905 was $7,207,939 and in 1906 it was $7,915,735, which shows an increase of $707,796 during the year.

From:
Mississipi: comprising sketches of counties, towns, events, institutions, and persons, arranged in cyclopedic form
By Dunbar Rowland
Southern Historical Publishing 
Atlanta, Georgia
1907

 

Last Update Tuesday, 09-Apr-2013 19:44:38 EDT

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