Clarke County

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Adams-Taylor-McRae House; East of Pachuta, Elwood Community
(C.V.) Akin House; Clarion Street, DeSoto
Asher's Cabin; SR 513, Stonewall
Barbour-Estes House; River Rd, Enterprise Circa 1856 Greek Revival vernacular • River Road.  Local legend says this was the Choctaw village site. The street on which this house lies was originally lined with Indian wigwams. Source
Blackson Plantation
Bradshaw-Booth House; Stonewall St, Enterprise
Brown-Wilson House; SR 11, Enterprise, Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • Highway 11. The Brown-Wilson House is architecturally significant in its application of Greek Revival details to the classically inspired form of the structure. One of four antebellum houses in the county of the pyramidal roof with inset gallery type. Source
(Judge John L.) Buckley House; Bridge St, Enterprise, Circa 1920 • Bungalow/Craftsman • Bridge Street (Highway 513).  One of the most sophisticated articulations of the bungalow in Clarke County, thus a locally important work of early twentieth century residential design. It illustrates how the people of Clarke County preserved traditional architectural elements, incorporating them into modern residential design. Source
Carmichael House; DeSoto
(Benjamin H.) Carter House; Ferrill St, Quitman
Compton-Short House; Tuscaboma St, Enterprise,Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • Highway 514. The Compton-Short House’s historical significance is attributed to its Civil War associations. It is architecturally significant as one of two “costal cottage” type houses in the country. During the Civil War, the small room at the northwest end of the house was used as a stockade when fighting erupted between two Confederate regiments of General O’Farrell’s brigade camped near Enterprise. The only entrance to this room is from the front gallery. The house is now named “September Song” by the present owner, Sue Horton. Source
Cook-Sellers House; Station St, DeSoto
Covington House; DeSoto
Davis House; River Rd., Enterprise, Circa 1820 & 1860 • Greek Revival • River Road.  The site is said to have been the location of the Catholic Mission to the Choctaws. The rear gabled section with shed roof, constructed in 1820, originally had a log ell on its northeastern end that was supposedly a part of the Choctaw Mission. Source
Dearman House; Bridge St & River Rd, Enterprise
(Capt. C. C.) Ferrill House (aka Kirkland Family House); Franklin St, Quitman, Circa 1900 • Spindlework Mode • Queen Anne • 118 East Franklin Street. The house was originally constructed for Captain C.C. Ferrill but was purchased by the Kirkland family by 1910. The Kirkland’s were prominent business people in Quitman. The family resided here until the 1950’s. The house illustrates how the social and economic changes sweeping Clarke County at the turn of the century affected the community of Quitman. Source Photo
Ford-Williams House; SR 514, Energy
Forestdale Plantation; Pachuta Circa 1855-1857 • Greek Revival • Located at the end of County Road 1222, southwest of Quitman.
The McGowan-Fatherree plantation was built by the McGowan brothers, originally from Georgia, and was located on the old stagecoach road. The McGowan family became the leading family in the immediate vicinity, and their plantation was a gathering place for political, social, and religious functions. Hamilton and Elbert McGowan were twins. Along with their younger brother Robert, they helped construct McGowan’s Chapel, the first Methodist Church in the area. The plantation was entirely self-sufficient. Cotton, corn, vegetable crops, and melons were cultivated. A cotton gin was operated on the place and ginned cotton for the neighbors. There was also a gristmill, sawmill, and molasses mill located on the original homestead.  Source
Frank-Kilgore House; Enterprise, Circa 1820-1830 • Greek Revival • River Road. Cottage-style antebellum home. Said to have housed doctors and nurses working in the hospital in the Hunter-Frost House during the Civil War. Source
Hand House; North St, Shubuta
House at 200 East Franklin Street; Franklin St, Quitman, Circa 1905 • Free Classical Mode of Queen Anne Style. The house is representative of the type of housing being constructed in Quitman at the turn of the century and symbolizes the prosperity and progress that came to the community because of the Mississippi Lumber Company’s mill established here in 1900. Source
House on Old Mill Creek Road; Old Mill Creek Rd, Enterprise
Hunter-Frost House; River Rd, Enterprise, Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • River Road.  This home is said to have served as a hospital during the Civil War. It is one of the most architecturally significant of the antebellum houses of the county because it is a well-proportioned moderated-sized Greek Revival country residence. Source  Photo
(William) Johnson House; Enterprise Circa 1850 & 1877 • Greek Revival • Second building from the northeast corner of Church and South Stonewall Streets, East Enterprise Historic District.  As originally constructed by William Johnson, the house was a one-story, Greek Revival cottage with a central hall plan. The house passed through many owners until 1887 when it was purchased by R.M. Buckley, a prominent Enterprise merchant and cotton buyer. At that time, the house was a two-story structure with a two-tier, front gallery. In 1899, a front wing with a large birthing room was added. The wing was later removed. Source
(J. K.) Kirkland General Merchandise Store ; Main St, Quitman, Circa 1905 • 124 Main Street.  Kirkland building has a high degree of architectural integrity. It is a significant example of the two-story, brick commercial buildings that were characteristic of small commercial architecture during the prosperous years of the early twentieth century.
Source
Lee-Mitts House; Stonewall St, Enterprise, Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • Second building from southwest corner of South Stonewall and Bridge Streets. Dr. Paul Lee built this house and was living here when the Civil War began. According to local tradition, a covered walkway connected Lee’s house to the Presbyterian Church. Dr. Lee cared for the wounded soldiers at the church. The Lee family sold the house to Charles G. Swan, who came to Enterprise with the Brookpark Lumber Company between 1900 and 1906. Source
McCrory-Deas-Buckley House; Bridge St, Enterprise, Circa 1855 • Greek Revival • Southwest corner of Bridge and St. John Street, East Enterprise Historic District.  Also known as “Twistwood,” the house has been in the Deas family since 1876. Source Photo
McGee-Hudson House; Tuscaboma St, Enterprise
(Dr.) McNair House (aka Jeff Carter House); Church St, Quitman
McNeill-McGee House; Lake Bounds
Methodist Parsonage House; A St, Enterprise, Circa 1856 • Greek Revival • Olliphant Street. This house is still known as the Parsonage House. The first Methodist Church was on a lot behind this house. The lot for the church was donated by Charles E. Mayeroff around 1830. Historical significance comes from its long association with Enterprise Methodist Church. Source
(Noah) Moore House; Main St, Enterprise, Circa 1895 • Queen Anne III • Main Street. One of the best examples of Spindle-work mode of Queen Anne style architecture in Clarke County. The interior features 14-foot ceilings and beaded board wainscoting. In the central hall is a spindled frieze. Source  Photo
O'Ferrell Plantation
Overseer's House and Outbuildings of Lang Plantation; Langsdale See Prairie Palace
Pilgrim's Rest; Tuscaboma St, Enterprise, Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • Highway 514. Pilgrim’s Rest is architecturally significant in its application of Greek Revival details to the classically inspired form of the structure although the roofline has been altered and the rafters exposed. Source Photo
Prairie Place; Langsdale,  Shubuta Circa 1855 • Greek Revival • Langsdale County Road 610, east of Shubuta in the Langsdale Community.
This is the most outstanding and remarkable house in Clarke County and is in a good state of preservation. This land was originally owned by Thomas P. Falconer, an early resident of Wayne County. It came into the Lang family in 1846. Clement D. Lang, a wealthy bachelor son of the original Lang owner, W.A. Lang, began construction of the house and plantation after 1853. It is said that 12 carpenters and all available slave labor were required to build the house, which took 14 months to construct at a cost of $35,000. Lang owned several thousand acres of land and 500 slaves. Cotton was the principal money crop. It was shipped down the Chickasawhay River to Mobile on flat boats. During this time, Langsdale was a social and cultural center for the surrounding countryside. Clement Lang was ruined by the Civil War and died destitute.

Other buildings of interest at Prairie Palace include two sets of out-buildings (circa 1855). One is the only remaining set of out-buildings in the county associated with this type of plantation. The other is the only remaining slave quarters on this plantation. Two rows of brick buildings, 10 or 12 originally, were built on each side of a wide tree-lined road about one-fourth mile to the west of the house. Each house is said to have housed two families. The Overseer’s House (circa 1830) is a folk-giant dogtrot, the largest dogtrot in the county and possibly the largest in the state. WPA records make reference to an overseer’s house that could have been this building, as it is located to the west of the house between the original slave-quarter row and the house. Dwight Tew, a previous owner, was offered $30,000 for the dogtrot by a man from New Orleans, who wanted to dismantle it and sell the logs individually for $1,000 each.
Source    Photo   More Photos
Price-Patton-Pettis House; Shubuta
Quitman Depot; Quitman, Circa 1910 • East of the railroad tracks near the junction of Main Street and Railroad Avenue.  The Quitman depot symbolizes the importance of transportation facilities to industrial growth in Clarke County. The depot is an archetype of the station that was built in small towns all across the United States from the late 1830’s to 1930’s. It is the only existing example of a combination passenger/freight depot in Clarke County and retains a high degree of architectural integrity.
Source Photo
Riverside Plantation; SR 11, Enterprise,  Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • Second house on County Road 367 on east side of Highway 11.
This house is said to have served as the Federal Headquarters during the occupation of Enterprise, and its historical significance derives from this association. Riverside is architecturally significant as one of two, two-story Greek Revival plantation houses in Clarke County. Source
 
Smith-McClain-Buckley House; Stonewall St, Enterprise
Stephenson-Allen House; Bridge St, Enterprise,  Circa 1850 • Greek Revival • River Road. This house served as headquarters for Confederate officers in the area during the Civil War. In addition, the house was acquired around the turn of the century by Laura Stephenson, a prominent citizen of the community and compiler of Clarke County’s Works Projects Administration source material. It has been owned by her family for almost 80 years. Source Photo
Sumrall-Albritton House; SR 45, Shubuta Circa 1859 • Greek Revival vernacular • 175 County Road 253, north of Shubuta on Highway 45.
This house was built by Jacob Sumrall, a railroad man living in the area after the arrival of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad in 1855. His family is said to have lived in boxcars until this house was completed. The site became a community center and was known as “Sumrall Switch” because the train would stop here to offload groceries distributed from a store behind the house. The Sumralls had a brick kiln and ground their own feed. Their place is said to be the site of the first church and school in this vicinity. Source
Trotter-Byrd House; Franklin St, Quitman, Circa 1852 • Greek Revival • 419 East Franklin Street. The Trotter-Byrd House was built by William B. Trotter, originally of Tennessee, who was an attorney in Quitman. In 1845, Trotter was a candidate for Fourth District Attorney and colonel of the 31st Regiment of the Mississippi Militia. He was elected Brigadier General in 1847. Trotter married Elizabeth Lee Terrell of Virginia in 1846. Her mother, Frances Lewis Terrell, was the granddaughter of Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington, first cousin of George Washington. The historical significance of the Trotter-Byrd house lies in its association with Trotter, one of the country’s most important residents, and his wife, a descendant of George Washington. It is architecturally significant as one of three, two-story Greek Revival houses in Clarke County and is the only one of this group that did not function as a plantation house. Source Photo
Ward House; Enterprise 1853 • Greek Revival vernacular • 1863 County Road 374 • Two miles west of Highway 11 (Ward Road)
W.A. and Laura L. Ward moved to Clarke County in 1846 from the Kershaw District of South Carolina (Camden). They settled north of Enterprise on an 800-acre tract on the Chunky River and lived in a log cabin until their home was built. W.A. Ward became a very successful planter who was almost hanged for his money by Gen. William T. Sherman’s troops when they invaded Enterprise. The soldiers were after $1,800 in gold Ward had received for the sale of cotton shipped down the Chickasawhay River to Mobile, Alabama, sometime before the Enterprise invasion. The Ward House is historically significant for its Civil War associations and the contributions made by the Ward family to the economic and social development of Enterprise. The house and land have been owned continuously by the Wards for more than 125 years. The architectural significance is attributed to the house being one of two antebellum “coastal cottages" in the county, a vernancular type house with a double pitched roof.  Source
Jim Williams House; Circa 1925 • Bungalow/Craftsman.
One of the most significant examples of the bungalow in Clarke County and thus a locally important work of early twentieth century residential design. On west side of N. River Road and second building from the northwest corner of State Highway 513 and N. River Road. Source
Willow Copse
Woolverton-Boyd House; Off SR 513, Enterprise
W. V. Wyatt House; Enterprise, Circa 1890 • Queen Ann • 107 North River Road. Locally important example of rectilinear mode of Queen Anne style. The house retains a high degree of architectural integrity. Judged within the local context of Clarke County, it is important both for its architecture and as a symbol of the development patterns that occurred in West Enterprise because of the construction of the New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad in the 1880's. Source
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