18thBattalion Mississippi Cavalry

(aka Chalmers' Battalion & 18th Regiment)
Company C, Carroll's Company





A number of men from DeSoto County served in various companies of the 18th Battalion/Regiment of Mississippi Cavalry, especially in companies C, D, F, G, H & K. Companies C, F, H & K were raised to a large extent in DeSoto County. Based upon the 1860 Census, companies C and F were primarily recruited in the northern portion of the county, while companies H and K were more from the southern part of the county in what is now Tate County. Nevertheless, it is likely that at least one man from DeSoto County served in each of the Battalion's companies at some point during the war.

The 18th Battalion, later known as the 18th Regiment, was organized mainly from independent companies of partisan rangers that had been formed for the protection of the northern part of the State after the evacuation of Corinth. Gen. James R. Chalmers, of DeSoto, was assigned to command on the northern frontier with the duty of organizing these commands after the Kentucky campaign of October, 1862. A battalion was organized under the command of Major Alexander H. Chalmers, which is mentioned in the official reports in April 1863 as present with General Chalmers' command. headquarters in Panola.

Five companies of the 18th were posted at Holly Springs, Coldwater and Wyatt at the time of the Federal raid from the Big Black River and LaGrange, Tennessee, to Grenada in August 1863. Major Alex Chalmers, with two companies (94 men) guarding the river at Wyatt, fell back before one column of the enemy to find Grenada occupied by the other. The other companies did not return, but in September 1863 remnants of two companies were reported near the Memphis and Charleston Railroad.

On September 10, 1863 the command received the name of the Eighteenth Battalion, Mississippi Partisan Rangers. About this time Major Chalmers was authorized to increase his command to a regiment by enlistment of men not subject to conscription. The companies of Captains Middleton and McCain were then in the battalion. The companies of Mitchell and Smith were ordered to report on pain of treatment as deserters. Through these vigorous measures by S. D. Lee the battalion was enlarged. General Chalmers announced on October 7, 1863 that, the battalion having been increased to six companies, Major Chalmers was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. The battalion was assigned to McCulloch's Brigade of Chalmers' Cavalry, in October 1863, with an effective strength of 225.

At the Coldwater Ford, near Holly Springs on October 5, 1863 Chalmers' Battalion was distinguished in the fight with McCrillis' Brigade of Hatch's Federal Cavalry which was on a raid from LaGrange, Tennessee. Both Federal and Confederate commanders agree that the battalion made a gallant charge, though they differ as to results. The total Confederate loss was 1 killed, 27 wounded. Chalmers, reinforced by Richardson's command, remained in line of battle next day near Salem, while considerable forces of Federal cavalry moved against him, but without serious attack. He then moved to Holly Springs, and Major Mitchell, with 100 men, was sent out at night to tear up the track of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, over which General Sherman was about to move troops to the support of Rosecrans at Chattanooga. On the 11th Chalmers and Richardson attacked the fort at Collierville, Tennessee. The fort was strong and gallantly defended. Chalmers was compelled to retire with a loss of 3 killed and 48 wounded. On the retreat Chalmers' command was engaged in battle near Byhalia and Wyatt on the 12th. The Eighteenth Battalion had 18 wounded in this campaign.

The unit is listed in the organization of S. D. Lee's Cavalry Corps in January 1864. They were in McCulloch's Brigade, Chalmers' Division, Forrest's Cavalry, on March 9, 1864. The battalion, with Chalmers' Division, took part in the capture of Fort Pillow, Tennessee on April 12, 1864, and was the first command to enter the fort, over which the battalion flag was quickly flying. Among the mortally wounded of the battalion was Lieutenant Hubbard [Co. H], a young and promising officer. General Chalmers mentioned the gallantry of Capt. C. T. Smith [Co. C], commanding his escort company, who led the charge from the first to the second fort, and Private Samuel Allen [Co. C] of the escort, who was killed in the charge.

On May 24, 1864 the Eighteenth was brigaded with Duff's Mississippi and Duckworth's Tennessee Regiments, under Col. E. W. Rucker. Capt. B. F. Saunders' scouts were ordered to report to Rucker, who was instructed to gather up detached bodies of men and form them into companies to raise the battalion to a regiment. This became known as the Sixth Brigade of Forrest's Cavalry.

General S. D. Lee sent the brigade to Booneville on June 8th to assist General Forrest against the approaching expedition under General Sturgis, then at Rienzi. They went into line of battle at Brice's Cross Roads on June 10th on the left of Forrest's line. Rucker's attack, Forrest reported, was "made with vigor, rapidity and precision." His brigade displayed conspicuous steadiness during the fight." The victory achieved was famous. Over 1,600 prisoners were taken and practically all the artillery and wagon train. Duff's Regiment and Chalmers' Battalion were the only Mississippi commands engaged. Chalmers had 7 killed and 41 wounded.

Rucker's Brigade was dissolved July 18, 1864 and Chalmers' and Duff's Battalions returned to McCulloch's, Brigade, Chalmers' Division. As of August 30th McCulloch's Brigade included the Fifth and Eighth Mississippi, First Partisans and Chalmers' Battalion (Eighteenth), with McCulloch's Regiment.

In August 1864 Union Gen. A. J. Smith raided Oxford, Mississippi and burned the town. Forrest, unable to give battle, raided into the city of Memphis. With Forrest in this renowned performance were the Mississippians of the Eighteenth Battalion, who lost one killed and one wounded.

In September 1864 McCulloch's Brigade was sent to Mobile. The Eighth and Eighteenth Mississippi, operating in West Florida in October 1864, encountered a Federal expedition to Milton, Florida.

Company C, at least (the escort company), was with General Chalmers in the campaign under General Forrest, with Hood's army, in Tennessee in November and December 1864. When General Schofield was retreating in the presence of the Confederate army from Columbia to Franklin, Forrest, after driving Hatch's Cavalry back toward Nashville, attacked the infantry column at Spring Hill to hold it in check until the Confederate infantry could come up. In the evening Forrest asked Chalmers to charge, and gave him Wilson's Regiment to support his escort company, which made the charge, but found, as Chalmers had urged, that the infantry were present in force. The remainder of the Eighteenth Battalion under Lt. Col. Alex Chalmers, was in the district of the Gulf during November and December 1864.

In February 1865 the Eighteenth was assigned to Stark's Brigade. On March 16, 1865 at Columbus, Mississippi, General James R. Chalmers ordered the battalion reorganized with part of the Fifth Regiment Mississippi Cavalry and Saunders' company to form a consolidated regiment known as the Eighteenth Cavalry. The regiment was in the field during Wilson's raid through Alabama and Georgia in April and May, 1865 and at Maplesville, Alabama. The regiment was paroled at Gainesville, Ala., in May, 1865.

Below is a roster of men who served in Company C extracted from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System of the National Park Service. Because the same soldier was sometimes listed more than once due to variations in spelling his name, the total number given is inflated. The listing has not been changed because there is no way to determine where these spelling errors have occurred.


Last Name First Name Company Rank_In Rank_Out
Adams John B. C Private Private
Ader . C Private Private
Allen Samuel C Private Private
Anderson J. M. C Private Corporal
Anderson James M. C Private Corporal
Anderson L. G. C Private Private
Ater J.H. C Private Private
Atkins A. C Private Private
Avant C.B. C,B Private Private
Avent C.B. C,B Private Private
Baker E.L. C Private Private
Baker James C Private Private
Baker W.R. C Private Private
Baker . C Private Private
Banks C. C,F Private Private
Banks W.C. C,F Private Private
Banks William C. C,F Private Private
Barnard C.J. C,F Private Private
Barnes E. C,F Private Private
Barns E. C,F Private Private
Billingly J. W. C Private Private
Billingsley J. W. C Private Private
Birdashaw W. A. C Private Private
Birdashaw W. M. C Private Corporal
Boggan B. C,F Private Private
Boggan G. B. C,F Private Private
Boling M. L. C Private Private
Bolling M. L. C Private Private
Boone Oliver C,F Private Private
Boydson R.N. C,E Private Private
Boydston R. N. C,E Private Private
Boyedston R. W. C,E Private Private
Bradbury G. C Private Private
Bradbury G. C Private Private
Bradbury L. G. C Private Private
Bradbury L. G. C Private Private
Bradley G. C Private Private
Brandburry L. G. C Private Private
Brewer B. M. C Private Private
Brunson Joseph C Private Private
Bulls J.A. C Private Private
Burdeshaw W.M. C Private Corporal
Burdeshaw W.T. C Private Private
Burn An C,F Private Private
Burton John S. C Private 2nd Lt.
Butts J. A. C Private Private
Butts Joseph C Private Private
Byrne A. M. C,F Private Private
Byrnes A. M. C,F Private Private
Caldwell L. W. C Private Private
Carroll W. H. C Captain Captain
Carson . C Bugler Bugler
Casey S.J. C Corporal Corporal
Chandler M.L. C Private Private
Chasteen C.P. C Private Private
Coffey A. J. C Private Private
Coleman J. R. C Private Private
Coleman T. M. C Private Private
Collins A. C Private Private
Collins O. F. C,F Corporal Private
Condit S. C Private Private
Conlee N. C,F Private Private
Conly N. C,F Private Private
Cooper J.M. C Private Private
Cooper Jesse C Private Private
Davidson Thomas C Private Private
Davis J.L. C 2nd Lt. 2nd Lt.
Dawson J. B. C Private Private
Dawson T.B. C Private Private
Dean E. W. C Private Private
Dean T.M. C,F Private Private
Deberry H.A. C Sergeant Private
Delvach James C Private Private
Deoly N.W. C Private Private
Dewberry R.A. C Private Private
Dinkins James C 1st Lt. 1st Lt.
Duke A.K. C Private Corporal
Dunaway J.P. C Private Private
Elkins . C Private Private
English J. G. C Private Private
Fant Charles W. C Private Private
Fant Seldon C Private Private
Farley William C Private Private
Faust S. C Private Private
Faut Charles C Private Private
Faut Selden C Private Private
Fennel F.M. C Private Private
Fennell Frank C Private Private
Gayden W.A. C Private Private
Goodman J.P. C,K Sergeant 2nd Lt.
Goodwin J.M. C Private Private
Gordon C.M. C Private Private
Gore J.H. C Private Private
Gore J.U. C Private Private
Gregg J. H. C Private Private
Gregg Thomas H. C Private Private
Grisham V. S. C Sergeant Private
Grissom V. S. C Sergeant Private
Groom R. M. C Private Private
Haldcell J. D. C Private Private
Haldsell Dallas C Private Private
Hall W. B. C Private Private
Halsell J. D. C Private Private
Hamlen H. C Private Private
Harbot B. F. C Private Private
Hargraves M. C Private Private
Hastings Charles C Private Private
Hastings Daniel C Private Private
Hastings David C Private Private
Hawk S.F. C,F Private Private
Hawk S.L. C,F Private Private
Hervey J.H. C Private Sergeant
Hervey James C Private Sergeant
Hicks W.J. C Private Private
Hitt R.W. C Private Private
Holliday E.B. C Private Private
Holmes R.S. C Private Private
Holmes Robert C Private Private
Hood J.M. C Private Private
Hornbuckle W.S. C Private Private
Houghes W. J. C Sergeant Sergeant
Houston J.J. C Private Private
Howel M. V. C Private Private
Huddleston A. W. C Private Private
Hudler F. C Private Private
Hudson G. W. C Private Private
Hughes W. T. C Sergeant Sergeant
Humphryes J. P. C Private Private
Jackson W. A. C,D Sergeant Sergeant
Jones C.R. C 2nd Lt. 1st Lt.
Jones F.A. C Private Private
Jones H.A. C Private Private
Jones L.B. C Private Private
Jones Richard C,F Private Private
Jones Thomas M. C Private 2nd Lt.
Jordan A.A. C Private Private
Keer G.F. C Private Private
Kerr S.E. C Private Private
Key G.W. C Private Private
Key L. C Private Private
Kier S.E. C Private Private
King George C Private Private
King George W. C Private Private
Krall . C Private Private
Ladd D.S. C Private Private
Ladd M. C Private Private
Lang M.C. C Private Private
Lasseur David C Private Private
Laush Joseph H. C Private 2nd Lt.
Lawshe James H. C Private 2nd Lt.
Lawshe Joseph H. C Private 2nd Lt.
Lawshee J.H. C Private 2nd Lt.
Lessuner D. C Private Private
Long A.D. C Private Private
Long M.C. C Private Private
Mason Watson C Private Private
Maxwell W.C. C Private Private
McCally B.F. C Private Private
McCampbell D. C Private Asst. Surg.
McCampbell D.C. C Private Asst. Surg.
McCaslin A.J. C Private Private
McClanahan E. C Corporal Private
McClannahan E. C Corporal Private
McClintick G.H. C,F Corporal Corporal
McEllwee J.T. C Private Private
McElwee T.J. C Private Private
McFarland T.J. C Private Corporal
McGee J.M. C Private Private
McGee J.S. C Private Private
McGee N.S. C Private Private
McGhee J.M. C Private Private
McGhee J.S. C Private Private
McGhee N.S. C Private Private
McKenny M. C Private Private
McKiney C.W. C Private Private
McKiney M. C Private Private
McKinney C.W. C Private Private
McNeely Robert C Private Private
McNeil Harry C Private Private
Means J.G. C Private Private
Means J.M. C Private Private
Merriweather J.O. C Private Private
Merriwether James C Private Private
Metler S.D. C Private Private
Milam J.D. C Private Private
Milan Jeff C Private Private
Miller S.D. C Private Private
Miller S.M. C Private Private
Miller S.W. C Private Private
Mills A.G. C,D Private Captain
Moore B. S. C Private Private
Moore Burton C Private Private
Moore J. R. C Private Private
Morton A. W. C Private Private
Moss Benjamin C Private Private
Munn N. B. C 1st Sgt. Sergeant
Murphy James C Private Private
Norfleet F. M. C Private Private
Norflet F. N. C Private Private
Oliver E. C Private Private
Oliver Sim C Private Private
Overton J. J. C Private Private
Overton James C Private Private
Paine W. D. C Private Private
Parker D. C. C,H Private Private
Patterson P. T. C Private Private
Payne W. B. C Private Private
Pearson C. S. C,H Private Private
Peete Samuel C Private Private
Pointer Phil C,E Private Private
Pope L. C Private Private
Powell J. J. C Private Private
Raines S.L. C,L Private Private
Rains S.L. C,L Private Private
Rains Samuel C,L Private Private
Raybourn R.L. C,G Private Private
Richmond J.A. C Private Private
Richmond J.L. C Private Private
Richmond N.W. C Private Private
Roberts W.A. C Private Sergeant
Roberts W.D. C Private Sergeant
Robinson M.H. C Private Private
Robinson Mark C Private Private
Robinson P.M. C Private Private
Rogers R.R. C Private Private
Sanders Joseph B. C Private Private
Saunders J. B. C Private Private
Sharp Z. C Private Private
Shennault L. G. C Private Private
Ship Sr. James C,F Private Private
Shipp James C,F Private Private
Shotwell A. L. C Private Private
Sledge A.D. C,F Private Private
Sledge O.D. C,F Private Private
Sloan John C Private Private
Smith C.T. C 1st Lt. Captain
Spight W.B. C,F Private Private
Stevens W.H. C,F Private Private
Still W.B. C Private Private
Stith R.S. C Private Corporal
Sullender W.H. C Private Private
Sullender William C Private Private
Sullivan W.H. C Private Private
Suth R.S. C Private Corporal
Talley W.A. C Private Private
Tarver John C Private Private
Tatum John C Private Private
Thomas W.A. C Corporal Corporal
Thomas W.H. C,F Sergeant Sergeant
Thornton A. C Private Private
Thornton Adam C Private Private
Troxler Adam C Private Private
Tucker A.F. C Private Private
Tucker A.T. C Private Private
Turner John C Private Private
Vick John C Private Private
Wagner D.R. C Private Sergeant
Wagoner D.R. C Private Sergeant
Wait T.W. C Private Private
Waits W.T. C Private Private
Walker J.L. C Private Private
Walker R.E. C Private Private
Walker William C Private Private
Walthall G.M. C Private Private
Walthall George C Private Private
Watkins J.W. C,F Private Private
Watkins W.J. C,F Private Private
Wells G. C Private Private
West T.J. C,I Private Comm. Sgt.
White A.S. C,F Private Private
White J.B. C Private Private
White John C Private Private
Wilkerson Raby C Private Private
Wilkerson Robert C Private Private
Williams E.P. C Private Private
Williams Elijah C Private Private
Williams J.D. C Private Private
Williams J.J. C Private Private
Williams John C Private Private
Williams W.A.J. C Private Private
Williams W.A.P. C Private Private
Willis B.F. C Private Private
Willis J.R. C,F Private Private
Willis R.W. C Private Private
Willroy S.J. C Private Private
Wilroy Thomas C Private Private
Wilson W.W. C Private Private
Wilson W.W. C Private Private
Winters W. C Private Private
Woodson T.J. C Corporal Corporal
Young Tandy K. C Private Private

This Page Was Last Updated Thursday, 04-Apr-2013 22:26:26 EDT

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