Adams County, which
was named for United States President Adams, is located in the south-western
part of the state, bounded on the south by the Homochitto River, and on
the west by the Mississippi River. The size of the county is 400 square
miles. Surrounding counties are Wilkinson County on the south, Jefferson
County on the north, and Franklin County on the east. Concordia Parish,
Louisiana lies due west, across the Mississippi River.
The county was originally
known as the Natchez District. In 1799 it was established as Adams County.
While the north and east boundaries have remained constant, Adams County
traded parcels of land with Wilkinson County, off and on, until 1914 when
the present-day boundaries were established.
There are a large number
of Indian mounds in Adams county that were constructed by the Natchez Indians
that occupied the area for many generations prior to the appearance of
the white man.
The first settler in the
area, that today is the city of Natchez, was Stephen MINOR. Other early
settlers were Isaac GIRAULT, Christopher MILLER, John NUGENT, and Jacob
EILER, Sir. Wiliam DUNBAR, Anthony HUTCHINS, Philander SMITH, Peter SURGET,
Benjamin GREENFIELD, John W. BRYANT, James TOOLEY, Dr. BRANCH, Dr. RAWLINGS,
William BISLAND, John GRAFTON, Samuel IVEY, Capt. Samuel CLEMENT, Capt.
John B. NEVETT, Wiliam K. BROOKS, Dr. Isaac SELSER, Angus MacCALLUM, Philetus
and Aruth ANDREWS, and Jonathan GUICE.